The King and I is a 1999 American animated musical film romantic drama film produced by Morgan Creek, Nest, Rankin/Bass, and Rich Animation Studios, distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures. The only Morgan Creek animated feature film to be made, and 26th to be distributed theatrically by Warner Bros., it was directed by Richard Rich. The film is loosely based on the life of the English school teacher Anna Leonowens, it portrays a fictionalized account of her historical encounter with the King of Siam King Mongkut, and royal court. The voice cast stars Miranda Richardson and Martin Vidnovic as Leonowens and Mongkut, respectively, with Ian Richardson, Darrell Hammond, and Adam Wylie. The score, songs, and some of the character names come from Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II's stage musical of the same name. Screenwriters Peter Bakalian, Jacqueline Feather, and David Seidler took creative liberties with the history and with the source material from the musical in an attempt to make the film palatable to all audiences.

The King and I was released on March 19, 1999 to mixed reactions from reviewers, who praised its musical score and songs but criticized its animation and story, while the film's racial overtones and artistic license received polarized responses. The King and I earned $12 million at the box office and it's gross was seen as a disappointment compared to that of other animated films released at the time. The film received five nominations including the London Critics Circle Film Award for British Actress of the Year for Richarson and the Golden Reel Award for Best Sound Editing in Animated Feature.


In 1862, a ship sails from London to Bangkok, on board are Anna Leonowens and her son Louis. The Prime Minister, Kralahome uses his powers of illusion to cause it to appear as if a massive sea serpent is attacking the ship as its battered in a storm. Anna with the help of Captain Orton manage to save Louis from drowning. As they approach the Captain fills Anna in on the political structure of the kingdom.

In the Grand Palace, in Siam, Anna witnesses King Mongkut receive the gift of a slave, Tuptim a young woman from Burma. Despite being promised her own house outside of the Palace, Anna is denied such. The King drags Anna to his workshop were he tests new inventions such as hot air balloons, and trains. Louis is taken on a tour of the armory by Master Little, who barely misses injury. The King's wives help Anna unpack despite her protests, this is when Anna sees Prince Chululongkorn and Tuptim getting to know each other in the courtyard. Anna who wants to leave since she won't be receiving the house, changes her mind after she meets the Royal Children, namely Prince Chulalongkorn.

With Kralahome still plotting to over throw the king, he write a letter to the British claiming Anna is in danger. Anna begins to teach the children only to learn they've never been outside the Palace walls. To give the hands on experience she takes all of the royal children all around the City to see how other people live, this in turn angers the king. It boils over into a fight with Anna still complaining about the house she was promised but didn't receive.

Chululongkorn meets with his father to discuss traditions, wanting to be with Tuptim but knowing his father would never allow it. Confused Kongkut goes to pray to Buddha. While he is the Kralahome uses his powers on the statues in the room to try and attack the king, which the king's black panther Rama fights off. When the Chululongkorn is kickboxing, Tuptim finally learns he his the prince and that their love is forbidden. But he tells her that he doesn't care about tradition and wants to be with her. Master Little learns of their relationship tells Kralahome who plans to use it to excite the king at the right time.

Anna goes to the king, he is troubled after learning the British are coming because he is allegedly a barbarian, which she knows isn't true. Anna advising the King to throw a banquet for the British when they arrive to show they are civilized. At the dinner, Kralahome mentions the Ivory pendant the king is supposed to wear, the one which he have to his son, who then gave it to Tuptim. When it is revealed Chululongkorn gave it away, Tuptim is brought in by guards. Dishonored by the relationship Kongkut threatens to whip Tuptim to death, but she and Chululongkorn escape into the jungle along with Louis.

While they're escaping Kralahome uses his powers to guide them through the Jungle across a rope bridge. The bridge collapses and Tuptim is swept away by the river. Mongkut using one of his Hot Air Balloons catches Tuptim, and saves everyone else. But on their journey back to the Palace Kralahome fires a firework destroying the Balloon causing it to crash to the ground. Everyone but the king was able to jump into a lake to safety, when Kralahome leaves victorious, Sir Edward and the royal guards get angry at him for trying to kill the King. An injured bedridden Mongkut lays in bed telling his son to be ready to lead Siam when he dies. Kralahome loses his position as Prime Minister, and his punishment would be permanently working the elephant stables by cleaning their dung with Master Little as his boss. He then gets beaten up by Master Little after getting angry about his last tooth falling out. But the King doesn't die, he heals and presents Anna with her house outside of the Palace walls, and the two of them dance.

Voice Cast



After the success of Walt Disney Animation Studios' The Little Mermaid in 1989 Warner Bros. began to seek out animated films to distribute. Which led to them releasing The Nutcracker Prince and Rover Dangerfield, in 1990 and 1991, respectively. But it wasn't until the success of Disney's The Lion King, and all Hollywood studios began looking at getting into the animation field that the company began to develop animated feature films internally. In 1991 Morgan Creek Entertainment began a production and distribution deal with Warner Bros. In 1993 the company established Warner Bros. Feature Animation led by Max Howard to produce their own animated films while still distributing third party animated films. Warner Bros. distributed Thumbelina, and New Line Cinema distributed The Swan Princess in 1994, before releasing their first internally created feature film Space Jam in 1995. With the film a financial success, the next film was quickly underway Quest for Camelot. Arthur Rankin Jr. the head of Rankin/Bass Productions, who had been brought in to co-produce the film, was able to convince the Rodgers and Hammerstein Organization who is in charge of the rights to their works that an animated feature film "would be a superb way," to expand the property.


Prior to the theatrical release of the Quest for Camelot it's writers David Seidler and Jacqueline Feather were contracted to adapt The King and I for Morgan Creek, to be released under the Warner Bros. Family Entertainment label. In 1998 it was revealed the plot had been "slightly altered" from the original musical "in the interest of family viewing." But no change could be made without approval by the Rodgers and Hammerstein Organization, it was known that the family friendly changes would be a risk, but they hoped the film would "introduce a generation of younger people to the show, earlier than they might have been under normal circumstances" according to R&H President at the time Ted Chapin.

Design and animation

Each of the characters in the film were designed by a team of animators consisting of Bronwen Barry, Elena Kravets, and Michael Coppieters. The final design of each character had to receive final approval from James G. Robinson, the head of Morgan Creek Entertainment. Over one thousand animators were hired in over 24 countries across four different continents to hand draw each second of the film. Clean-up animation was contracted to Hanho Heung-Up in Seoul, South Korea.


Theatrical run

The film debuted Friday, March 19, 1999, in 2,352 theaters, grossing $4 million dollars in its opening weekend - number six at the box office behind two other Warner Bros. films, Analyze This, and True Crime. The King and I played for 228 days in theaters, about 41 weeks.

Home Media

Despite the underwhelming box office performance of the film, upon the home media release the film July 6, 1999 on DVD and VHS by Warner Home Video, it stayed in the top 20 of Billboards Top Kid Video Chart for over 15 weeks. Leading to The King and I going on to be the 16th best-selling children's video tape of 1999. The King and I was available on Amazon Prime when the streaming service premiered on August 1, 2011. The film was listed on iTunes for digital sale in 2010.


Main article: The King and I (soundtrack)

A soundtrack album was released on March 16, 1999 by Sony Classical Records. It was released on both CD and cassette formats. All the songs on the album were composed by Oscar Hammerstein II and Richard Rodgers. William Ruhlmann of gave the album a rating of 3 stars out of 5, describing it as a "surprisingly adequate" soundtrack to a "badly received" film. He adds, however, that the "overly effusive vocal performances" and "overly busy arrangements" make it "by far the worst version of this music ever recorded", and cites the use of "nine different orchestrators" as a possible factor. He concludes by conceding that there is good singing on the album. John Kenrick in his article Comparative CD Reviews Part III, describes the 1999 recording as a "total disgrace" that sees "superb Broadway singers...labor against mindless cuts and gooey orchestrations". In a relatively negative review of the animated adaption, The Rodgers and Hammerstein Encyclopedia does say that "some of the songs survive nicely, and the singing vocals throughout are very proficient".

Musical numbers

  1. "I Whistle a Happy Tune" - Anna, Louis, Chorus
  2. "Hello, Young Lovers" - Anna
  3. "Getting to Know You" - Anna, Children
  4. "Shall I Tell You What I Think of You?" - Anna
  5. "A Puzzlement" - King
  6. "I Have Dreamed" - Chulalongkorn, Tuptim
  7. "Prayer to Buddha" - King, Anna
  8. "Anna Remembers/Shall We Dance Fantasy" - Anna
  9. "Shall We Dance? (Finale)" - Anna, King
  10. "I Have Dreamed/We Kiss in a Shadow/Something Wonderful" (end credits) - Barbra Streisand


Box office

The film was an complete box office failure. It took in $4,007,565 in its opening weekend, taking the #6 spot at the box office, but only managed to gross just under $12 million at the box office, and was overshadowed by the release of Doug's 1st Movie.

Critical reception

The film received mainly negative reviews with a 13% "rotten" rating on Rotten Tomatoes. Historian Thomas Hischak wrote that it was "surprising to think that the Rodgers & Hammerstein Organization allowed it to be made ... children have enjoyed The King and I for five decades without relying on dancing dragons". Hischak, in his work The Oxford Companion to the American Musical: Theatre, Film, and Television, says the film is "easily the worst treatment of any Rodgers and Hammerstein property". The Rodgers and Hammerstein Encyclopedia says "whether or not one agrees about the 1956 film of The King and I being the best R&H movie, most would concede that [the] animated adaption is the worst". It notes that it is surprising that the Rodgers and Hammerstein Organization green-lit the project, and adds that it is shocking how the source material could be made into such an "awful" movie, saying "geared towards children, the story is reduced to a carefree singalong with annoyingly superficial characters, cuddly animals, a forced love story, and a wasteland of scenes without wit or intelligence". It notes that the film seems to be a The King and I for kids, though points out that the original film has been "a kid-favourite for generations already, without the addition of supernatural elements such as dragons." Roger Ebert gave it 2 stars out of 4 and felt that animated adaptations of musicals have potential but found the film rather dull.



Warner Bros. Entertainment Wiki has a collection of images and media related to The King and I.


  • Due to the performance at the box office and the overwhelmingly negative reviews, the estates of Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II have declared that there are to be no more animated features based on their musicals.
  • This is the third Warner Bros. Family Entertainment animated film to have musical numbers, since Thumbelina and A Troll in Central Park.

Differences from 1944 novel, the 1951 musical and the 1999 film

Many differences who are never seen in the 1999 film The King and I.

External links

v - e - d
Richard Rich - The King and I - Transparent Logo
The King and I (Soundtrack/Video) • The King and I Animated Thinking Adventure
Anna LeonowensLouis LeonowensKing MongkutMoonsheeRamaTuskerPrince ChulalongkornTuptimThe Royal ChildrenKralahomeMaster LittleSir Edward Ramsey
I Whistle a Happy TuneHello, Young LoversGetting to Know YouShall I Tell You What I Think of You?A PuzzlementI Have DreamedPrayer to BuddhaShall We Dance?
The Royal PalaceKralahome's Lair
The Royal PendantThe Magic Gong
See also

v - e - d
Rankin Bass Logo 1971
Stop-Motion TV Specials and Films (post-1973 library)
Frosty's Winter WonderlandRudolph and Frosty's Christmas in JulyThe Year Without a Santa ClausThe First Christmas: The Story of the First Christmas SnowRudolph's Shiny New YearThe Little Drummer Boy, Book IIThe Easter Bunny Is Comin' to TownNestor, the Long-Eared Christmas DonkeyJack FrostPinocchio's ChristmasThe Life and Adventures of Santa Claus'Twas the Night Before ChristmasThe First Easter RabbitThe Stingiest Man in Town
Traditional animation films
The HobbitThe Return of the KingThe Flight of DragonsThe Wind in the WillowsThe King and I
TV Shows
Live-action films
The Last DinosaurThe Bermuda Depths

v - e - d
Warner Bros. Animation Logo (Template-only)
Looney Tunes/Spielberg universe
Animated series: The Bugs Bunny ShowTiny Toon AdventuresTaz-ManiaAnimaniacsThe Sylvester & Tweety MysteriesPinky and the BrainFreakazoid!Road RoversHisteria!Pinky, Elmyra and the BrainThe Cat&Birdy Warneroonie PinkyBrainy Big Cartoonie ShowBaby Looney TunesDuck DodgersLoonatics UnleashedThe Looney Tunes ShowNew Looney Tunes

Films: Bugs Bunny: SuperstarThe Bugs Bunny/Road Runner MovieThe Looney Looney Looney Bugs Bunny MovieBugs Bunny's 3rd Movie: 1001 Rabbit TalesDaffy Duck's Fantastic IslandDaffy Duck's QuackbustersSpace JamWakko's WishTweety's High-Flying AdventureLooney Tunes: Back in ActionBah, Humduck! A Looney Tunes ChristmasLooney Tunes: Rabbits Run

DC Comics
Animated series: Batman: The Animated SeriesSuperman: The Animated SeriesBatman BeyondStatic ShockThe Zeta ProjectJustice LeagueTeen TitansJustice League UnlimitedThe BatmanKrypto the SuperdogLegion of Super HeroesBatman: The Brave and the BoldYoung JusticeGreen Lantern: The Animated SeriesTeen Titans Go!Beware the BatmanDC Super Hero Girls

Animated films: Batman: Mask of the PhantasmBatman & Mr. Freeze: SubZeroThe Lego Batman MovieBatman: Return of the Caped CrusadersBatman vs. Two-Face

Animated series: What's New, Scooby-Doo?Tom and Jerry TalesShaggy & Scooby-Doo Get a Clue!Scooby-Doo! Mystery IncorporatedThe Tom and Jerry ShowBe Cool, Scooby-Doo!Yabba-Dabba Dinosaurs!

Direct-to-video film series: Scooby-Doo on Zombie IslandScooby-Doo! and the Witch's GhostTom and Jerry: The Magic RingTom and Jerry: Blast Off to MarsThe Flintstones & WWE: Stone Age SmackDown!The Jetsons & WWE: Robo-WrestleMania!

Other TV series
Detention¡Mucha Lucha!Xiaolin ShowdownCoconut Fred's Fruit Salad IslandBaby BluesRight Now KapowDorothy and the Wizard of OzBunniculaGreen Eggs and HamUnikitty!WayneheadOzzy & DrixMike Tyson Mysteries3 SouthMadJohnny TestFirehouse TalesThunderCatsThunderCats Roar
Other original films
Theatrical: Quest for CamelotThe Iron GiantOsmosis JonesThe Lego MovieStorksThe Lego Ninjago Movie

Direct-to-video: Kangaroo Jack: G'Day U.S.A.!¡Mucha Lucha!: The Return of El MaléficoHappiness Is a Warm Blanket, Charlie Brown

Films, distribution only
Gay Purr-eeThe Incredible Mr. LimpetTreasure IslandOliver TwistThe Nutcracker PrinceRover DangerfieldThumbelinaA Troll in Central ParkThe Pebble and the PenguinCats Don't DanceThe Fearless FourThe King and IThe Scarecrow

v - e - d
Warner bros family entertainment
Theatrical films
The Magic Voyage (UK distribution) | Dennis the Menace | Free Willy | Tom and Jerry: The Movie (home video distribution) | George Balanchine's The Nutcracker | Batman: Mask of the Phantasm | Thumbelina | Black Beauty | A Troll in Central Park | Little Giants | The NeverEnding Story III | Richie Rich | Born to Be Wild | The Pebble and the Penguin (international) | A Little Princess | Free Willy 2: The Adventure Home | The Amazing Panda Adventure | It Takes Two | Gumby: The Movie (German distribution) | The Adventures of Pinocchio (German distribution) | Space Jam | Shiloh | Cats Don't Dance | A Rat's Tale | The Fearless Four | Air Bud (UK distribution) | Wild America | The Swan Princess II: Escape from Castle Mountain (home video distribution) | Free Willy 3: The Rescue | Pippi Longstocking (home video distribution) | Quest for Camelot | Little Men | The King and I | The Iron Giant | Shiloh 2: Shiloh Season | Pokémon: The First Movie | My Dog Skip | Pokémon: The Movie 2000 | The Scarecrow | Pokémon 3: The Movie | Cats & Dogs | Osmosis Jones | The Little Polar Bear | Scooby-Doo | The Powerpuff Girls Movie | Kangaroo Jack | Looney Tunes: Back in Action | Scooby-Doo 2: Monsters Unleashed | Clifford's Really Big Movie | Yu-Gi-Oh! The Movie: Pyramid of Light | Laura's Star | The Polar Express | Racing Stripes | Charlie and the Chocolate Factory | Corpse Bride | The Little Polar Bear 2 – The Mysterious Island | The Thief Lord | Saving Shiloh | The Ant Bully | Happy Feet | TMNT | Speed Racer | Star Wars: The Clone Wars | Shorts: The Adventures of the Wishing Rock | Laura's Star and the Mysterious Dragon Nian | Cats & Dogs: The Revenge of Kitty Galore | Legend of the Guardians: The Owls of Ga'Hoole | Yogi Bear | Top Cat: The Movie | Dolphin Tale | Happy Feet Two | Laura's Star and the Dream Monsters | The Lego Movie | Dolphin Tale 2 | Max | Storks | The Lego Batman Movie
Direct-to-video films
Live-Action films: Dennis the Menace Strikes Again | Addams Family Reunion | Richie Rich's Christmas Wish | Ace Ventura Jr.: Pet Detective | Scooby-Doo! The Mystery Begins | Scooby-Doo! Curse of the Lake Monster | Free Willy: Escape from Pirate's Cove

Scooby-Doo films: Scooby-Doo on Zombie Island | Scooby-Doo! and the Witch's Ghost | Scooby-Doo and the Alien Invaders | Scooby-Doo and the Cyber Chase | Scooby-Doo! and the Legend of the Vampire | Scooby-Doo! and the Monster of Mexico | Scooby-Doo! and the Loch Ness Monster | Aloha, Scooby-Doo! | Scooby-Doo! in Where's My Mummy? | Scooby-Doo! Pirates Ahoy! | Chill Out, Scooby-Doo! | Scooby-Doo! Legend of the Phantosaur | Scooby-Doo! WrestleMania Mystery
Looney Tunes films: Tiny Toon Adventures: How I Spent My Vacation | Tweety's High-Flying Adventure | Bah, Humduck! A Looney Tunes Christmas | Looney Tunes: Rabbits Run
Other films: The Snow Queen | The Snow Queen's Revenge | The Mighty Kong | Batman & Mr. Freeze: SubZero | Wakko's Wish | Dexter's Laboratory: Ego Trip | Millionaire Dogs | The Scarecrow | Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker | Pokémon: Mewtwo Returns | The Little Polar Bear: Lars and the Little Tiger | The Little Polar Bear: The Dream of Flying | The Little Polar Bear: Nanouk's Rescue | Batman: Mystery of the Batwoman | ¡Mucha Lucha!: The Return of El Maléfico | The Little Polar Bear: A Visitor from the South Pole | Nine Dog Christmas | Kangaroo Jack: G'Day U.S.A.! | Laura's Christmas Star

Notable television shows
Tiny Toon Adventures | Taz-Mania | Batman: The Animated Series | The Plucky Duck Show | The Little Polar Bear | Animaniacs | Free Willy | Freakazoid! | Pinky and the Brain |

The Sylvester and Tweety Mysteries | Road Rovers | Superman: The Animated Series | Waynehead | The Legend of Calamity Jane | The New Batman Adventures | The New Batman/Superman Adventures | Histeria! | Pinky, Elmyra & the Brain | Batman Beyond | Detention | Static Shock | Justice League | The Zeta Project | Baby Looney Tunes | Laura's Star | ¡Mucha Lucha! | Ozzy & Drix | What's New, Scooby-Doo? | The Little Polar Bear | Duck Dodgers | Teen Titans | Xiaolin Showdown | The Batman | Justice League Unlimited | Coconut Fred's Fruit Salad Island | Johnny Test | Firehouse Tales | Krypto the Superdog | Loonatics Unleashed | Legion of Super Heroes | Shaggy & Scooby-Doo Get a Clue! | Tom and Jerry Tales

v - e - d
Warner Bros bannerless
Scooby-Doo (film), Scooby-Doo 2: Monsters Unleashed
Jungle Book
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.