Warner Bros. Entertainment Wiki
Warner Bros. Entertainment Wiki

The Fountainhead is a 1949 American, black-and-white drama film from Warner Bros., produced by Henry Blanke, directed by King Vidor, that stars Gary Cooper, Patricia Neal, Raymond Massey, Robert Douglas, and Kent Smith. The film is based on the bestselling 1943 novel of the same name by Ayn Rand, who also wrote the screenplay adaptation. Although Rand's screenplay was used with minimal alterations, she later criticized the film's editing, production design, and acting.[3]

The film's and novel's story are concerned with the life of Howard Roark, an individualistic young architect who chooses to struggle in obscurity rather than compromise his artistic and personal vision, following his battle to design what the public sees as modern architecture, which he believes is superior to other forms, despite resistance from a traditionally minded architectural establishment. Roark's complex relationships with the individuals who assist or hinder his progress, or both, allow the film to be both a romantic drama and a philosophical work. Roark represents Rand's embodiment of the human spirit, and his struggle represents the struggle between individualism and collectivism.


Howard Roark (Gary Cooper) is an individualistic architect who follows his own artistic path in the face of public conformity.

Ellsworth Toohey (Robert Douglas), the architecture critic for The Banner newspaper, opposes Roark's individualism and volunteers to lead a print crusade against him. Wealthy and influential publishing magnate, Gail Wynand (Raymond Massey), pays little attention, approving the idea and giving Toohey a free hand.

Dominique Francon (Patricia Neal), a glamorous socialite who writes a Banner column, admires Roark's designs, and opposes the paper's campaign against him. She is engaged to be married to an architect, the unimaginative Peter Keating (Kent Smith). She never has met or seen Roark, but she believes that he is doomed in a world that abhors individualism. Wynand falls in love with Francon and exposes Keating as someone who values a big opportunity more than her.

Roark is unable to find a client willing to build according to his vision. He walks away from opportunities that involve any compromise of his standards. Broke, he takes a job as a day laborer in a quarry. The quarry belongs to Francon's father and is near their summer home. The vacationing Francon visits the quarry on a whim. As Roark drills into the stone, she spots him. When he sees her they openly and repeatedly stare at each other.

Francon contrives to have Roark repair some white marble in her bedroom. Roark mocks her pretense, and after the first visit, sends another worker (Tito Vuolo) to complete the repair. Francon is enraged and returns to the quarry on horseback. She finds Roark walking from the site. He again mocks her, and she strikes him across the face with her horsewhip. He later appears in her open bedroom, forcefully embracing and kissing her passionately.

In his room, Roark finds a letter offering him a new building project. He immediately packs up and leaves. Francon later goes to the quarry and learns that he quit. She has no idea that he is actually Howard Roark, the brilliant architect she once championed in print.

Wynand offers to marry Francon, even though she is not in love with him. Francon defers until she needs to punish herself. She learns Roark's true identity when they are introduced at the party opening the Enright House, the new building that Roark has designed. Francon goes to Roark's apartment and offers to marry him if he gives up architecture, saving himself from public rejection. Roark rejects her fears and says they face many years apart until she alters her thinking.

Francon finds Wynand and accepts his previous marriage proposal. Wynand agrees, regardless of her true feelings. He selects Roark to build a lavish but secluded country home for Francon and himself. Wynand and Roark, as a result, become friends, which drives Francon to jealousy.

Keating has been employed to create an enormous housing project. It is beyond his skill, so he requests Roark's help. Roark says that if Keating promises to build it exactly as designed, Roark will do it while permitting Keating to take all the credit. With prodding from the envious Toohey, the firm backing the project alters the Roark design presented by Keating. Roark decides, with Francon's help, to rig explosives to destroy the buildings. Roark is arrested at the site. Toohey pressures Keating into privately confessing that Roark actually designed the project.

Roark goes on trial. He is painted as a public enemy by every newspaper apart from The Banner, where Wynand now publicly campaigns on Roark's behalf. Toohey, however, has permeated The Banner with men loyal to him. He has them quit and uses his clout to keep others out. He now leads a campaign against The Banner's new policy that all but kills the newspaper. Faced with losing, Wynand saves The Banner by bringing back Toohey's gang, joining the rest in publicly condemning Roark.

Calling no witnesses, Roark addresses the court on his own behalf. He makes a long and eloquent speech defending his right to offer his own work on his own terms. He is found innocent of the charges against him. A guilt-stricken Wynand summons the architect. He coldly presents him with a contract to design The Wynand Building, to be the greatest structure of all time, with complete freedom to build it however Roark sees fit. As soon as Roark leaves, Wynand pulls out a pistol and kills himself.

Months later, Francon enters the construction site of The Wynand Building and identifies herself as Mrs. Roark. She rises in the open construction elevator, all the while looking upward towards the figure of her husband. Roark stands triumphant, his arms akimbo, near the edge of the tall skyscraper, as the crosswinds buffet him atop his magnificent, one-of-a-kind creation.


  • Gary Cooper as Howard Roark
  • Patricia Neal as Dominique Francon
  • Raymond Massey as Gail Wynand
  • Kent Smith as Peter Keating
  • Robert Douglas as Ellsworth M. Toohey
  • Henry Hull as Henry Cameron
  • Ray Collins as Roger Enright
  • Moroni Olsen as Chairman
  • Jerome Cowan as Alvah Scarret
  • Creighton Hale as Court Clerk (uncredited)
  • Russell Hicks as Board Member (uncredited)
  • Jack Mower as Foreman (uncredited)
  • Paul Newlan as Policeman (uncredited)
  • Charles Trowbridge as Director (uncredited)
  • Leo White as Pedestrian (uncredited)


File:Patricia Neal in The Fountainhead trailer.JPG

Patricia Neal replaced Lauren Bacall as Dominique Francon

Barbara Stanwyck asked Jack L. Warner to buy the rights to the book for her. Warner Bros. purchased the film rights to Ayn Rand's The Fountainhead in late 1943, asking Rand to write the screenplay. Rand agreed, on the condition that not a single word of her dialogue be changed.[4][5][6] The Fountainhead went into production, with Mervyn LeRoy hired to direct, but the production was delayed.[7] LeRoy said that the delay was the result of the influence of the War Production Board, spurred by Rand's anti-Russian politics.[4] Stanwyck was not told of the decision to cast Neal in the role she coveted until she read about it in the Hollywood trade papers. This led to her leaving Warner Bros.

Three years later, production commenced under the direction of King Vidor, although there were disputes between Rand, Vidor, and Warner Bros. throughout the production.[7] Vidor wanted Humphrey Bogart to play Howard Roark, and Rand wanted Gary Cooper to play the part.[5] Cooper was cast alongside Lauren Bacall as Dominique Francon, but Bacall was replaced by Patricia Neal.[4] Cooper criticized Neal's audition as being badly acted, but she was cast against his judgment; during the production, Cooper and Neal began an affair.[6]


Rand completed her screenplay in June 1944. The setting of The Fountainhead is a collective society in which individuals and new ideas of architecture are not accepted, and all buildings must be constructed "like Greek temples, Gothic cathedrals, and mongrels of every ancient style they could borrow", as Roark's patron Henry Cameron puts it in his deathbed speech. Rand's screenplay, among other things, criticized the Hollywood film industry and its self-imposed mandate to "give the public what it wants". Roark, in his architecture, refuses to give in to this demand "by the public". He refuses to work in any way that compromises his integrity and in which he would succumb to "popular taste".[4] In a similar vein, Rand wrote a new scene for the film, in which Roark is rejected as architect for the Civic Opera Company of New York, an allusion to Edgar Kaufmann, Jr., Frank Lloyd Wright, and the Civic Light Opera Company of Pittsburgh.[8]

While communism is not explicitly named, the film is interpreted as a criticism of this ideology as well as the lack of individual identity in a collective life under a communist society.[4][5] However, the novel's criticisms were aimed at Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal, and this is reflected in Rand's endorsement of modernism in architecture in both the book and the film.[9] In adapting her novel, Rand used the melodrama genre to dramatize the novel's sexuality and aesthetic of modernistic architecture.[10]

Patricia Neal remembered that Rand often visited the set to "protect her screenplay".[4] During filming, Vidor decided that Roark's speech at the end of the film was too long, and decided to omit segments that he did not feel relevant to the plot.[6] After learning of Vidor's decision, Rand appealed to Jack L. Warner to honor her contract, and Warner persuaded Vidor to shoot the scene as she had written it.[4][5][6]

Rand later wrote a note thanking Warner and the studio for allowing the preservation of the novel's "theme and spirit, without being asked to make bad taste concessions, such as a lesser studio would have demanded".[4]

Rand did however alter the film's plot slightly in order to be approved by the Production Code Administration. In the novel, Wynand divorces Dominique, but because the Motion Picture Production Code prohibited such divorces, Rand selected to have Wynand commit suicide instead.[11]

Production design

Rand's screenplay instructed "It is the style of Frank Lloyd Wright -- and only of Frank Lloyd Wright -- that must be taken as a model for Roark's buildings. This is extremely important to us, since we must make the audience admire Roark's buildings".[12] According to Warner Bros., once it was known that the film had gone into production, the studio received letters from architects suggesting designs; Wright turned down an offer to work on the film.[12]

In fact, the architectural style that Roark is shown fighting for, that was realized in the production designs of Edward Carrere, is closer to the corporate "International Style" of the East Coast in the late 1940s than Wright's architecture of the mid-West in the 1920s when Rand's book was written; thus, it has its roots in German rather than American style modernism. During filming, Rand told Gerald Loeb that she disliked this style, ascribing this later to the fact that Carrere had trained as an architect, but not practiced architecture. She described his designs as copied from pictures of "horrible modernistic buildings", and judged them as "embarrassingly bad".[12] The film's closing image, depicting Roark standing atop "the tallest structure in the world", which he designed, arguably evokes Futurism.[9]

Music score

The film's score was composed by Max Steiner. Chris Matthew Sciabarra described Steiner as a "veritable film score architect...perhaps, the 'fountainhead' of film music"[7] in analyzing Steiner's appropriateness in composing the film's music, and says that Steiner's cues "immediately call to mind the story of Howard Roark".[7]

In Sciabarra's article about the film's music, he quotes philosophy professor Glenn Alexander Magee, who says that Steiner's score suggested "a strong affinity for The Fountainhead...[it] perfectly conveys the feel of a Rand novel".[7] Magee suggests that Steiner's music accents themes of redemption and renewal present in the story, providing insight into Roark's opposition, Francon's sense of life and Wynand's flaw.[7]

Excerpts from Steiner's score were included in RCA Victor's tribute to the composer, an album featuring the National Philharmonic Orchestra conducted by Charles Gerhardt and released on LP in 1973 and reissued on CD.[7]

Release and reception

Patricia Neal appeared on the television series Hollywood Calling with Milton Berle to discuss their upcoming films, which included The Fountainhead and Berle's Always Leave Them Laughing.[13] The film premiered at the Warners Hollywood theater. Warner Bros. erected two banks of bleachers on Hollywood Boulevard to accommodate fans that were expected to mob the premiere.[4] Neal attended the premiere with Kirk Douglas as her date, and the two signed autographs for fans.[13] The Los Angeles Times wrote that the audience "strongly responded to the unusual elements in the production".[4] After the film ended, Neal noticed that many people were avoiding her and turning their faces away, except for Virginia Mayo, who approached Neal and exclaimed "My, weren't you bad!"[4] Once Cooper saw the completed film, he felt that he had not delivered the final speech as he should have.[6] Around this time, Cooper and Neal let it be known publicly that they were having an affair, and the public knowledge of their relationship may have somewhat negatively impacted the film's box office.[6]

The Fountainhead grossed $2.1 million, $400,000 less than its production budget.[4]

Sales of Rand's novel, however, increased as a direct result of the public's interest spurred by the film.[6][7] In letters written at the time, the author's reaction was positive, saying "The picture is more faithful to the novel than any other adaptation of a novel that Hollywood has ever produced"[14] and "It was a real triumph."[14] She conceded to friend DeWitt Emery that "I can see your point in feeling that Gary Cooper's performance should have been stronger," but concluded "I would rather see the part underplayed than overdone by some phony-looking ham." [14] However, she displayed a more negative attitude toward it later, saying that she "disliked the movie from beginning to end", and complaining about its editing, acting, and other elements.[3] As a result of this film, Rand said that she never would sell any of her novels to a film company that did not allow her the right to pick the director and screenwriter as well as edit the film because she did not want to encounter the same production problems that occurred on this film.[15]

The Fountainhead was panned by critics in its initial release. The Hollywood Reporter wrote: "Its characters are downright weird and there is no feeling of self-identification."[4] The Los Angeles Times wrote that the film would not "catch the interest of what is known as the average movie audience -- whoever they may be nowadays".[4] The Communist-published Daily Worker deemed The Fountainhead to be "an openly fascist movie".[4] Variety called the film "cold, unemotional, loquacious [and] completely devoted to hammering home the theme that man's personal integrity stands above all law".[4][16] John McCarten of The New Yorker deemed the film to be "the most asinine and inept movie that has come out of Hollywood in years."[17] Cue described it as "shoddy, bombastic nonsense".[4] Bosley Crowther, in his review for The New York Times, called the film "wordy, involved and pretentious" and characterized Vidor's work as a "vast succession of turgid scenes".[18]

Box οffice

According to Warner Bros records the film earned $2,179,000 domestically and $807,000 foreign.[1]


In more recent years, The Fountainhead has been reappraised and has an overall approval rating of 83% on Rotten Tomatoes, which compiles reviews from a wide range of critics.[19] Emanuel Levy described the film as one of the few examples of an adaptation that is better than the book it was based on.[20] Dave Kehr wrote "King Vidor turned Ayn Rand's preposterous 'philosophical' novel into one of his finest and most personal films, mainly by pushing the phallic imagery so hard that it surpasses Rand's rightist diatribes."[21] Architect David Rockwell, who saw the film when he visited New York City in 1964, has said that the film influenced his interest in architecture and design. Rockwell also stated that, at his university, many architecture students named their dogs Roark as a tribute to the protagonist of the novel and film.[22]

Various filmmakers have expressed interest in doing new adaptations of The Fountainhead, although none of these potential films has begun production. In the 1970s, writer-director Michael Cimino wanted to film his own script for United Artists. In 1992, producer James Hill optioned the rights and selected Phil Joanou to direct.[23] In the 2000s, Oliver Stone was interested in directing a new adaptation; Brad Pitt was reportedly under consideration to play Roark.[24] In a March 2016 interview, director Zack Snyder also expressed interest in doing a new film adaptation of The Fountainhead.[25]

In February 2020, the film was shown at the 70th Berlin International Film Festival, as part of a retrospective dedicated to King Vidor's career.[26]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Warner Bros financial information in The William Shaefer Ledger. See Appendix 1, Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, (1995) 15:sup1, 1-31 p 29 DOI: 10.1080/01439689508604551
  2. "Top Grossers of 1949". Variety. 4 January 1950. p. 59.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 Britting, Jeff (2004). Ayn Rand, Overlook Illustrated Lives. New York: Overlook Duckworth, page 71. ISBN 1-58567-406-0. 
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 Hoberman, J. (2011). "The Ministry of Truth, Justice and the American Way, 1948-50", An Army of Phantoms: American Movies and the Making of the Cold War. The New Press, page 96–98. ISBN 978-1-59558-005-4. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Fishman, Donal (2003). "The Cold War: Three Episodes in Waging a Cinematic Battle", War and film in America: Historical and Critical Essays. McFarland, page 46–48. ISBN 0-7864-1673-4. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 The Making of The Fountainhead.. Warner Home Video. UPC 012569571624. 2006.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 Sciabarra, Chris Matthew. "The Fountainhead Sings".. The Atlas Society.
  8. Toker, Franklin (2003). Fallingwater Rising: Frank Lloyd Wright, E.J. Kaufmann, and America's Most Extraordinary House. Random House Digital, page 291. ISBN 1-4000-4026-4. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 McArthur, Collin (1997). "Chinese Boxes and Russian Dolls", The Cinematic City. Psychology Press, page 26. 
  10. (1999) Feminist Interpretations of Ayn Rand, Re-reading the Canon. University Park, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University Press, page 376. ISBN 0-271-01830-5. 
  11. Hayes, David P.. Howard Roark Rises: The Fountainhead.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Johnson, Donald Leslie (2005). "The Fountainhead's Visual Images", The fountainheads: Wright, Rand, the FBI and Hollywood. McFarland, page 132. ISBN 0-7864-1958-X. 
  13. 13.0 13.1 Shearer, Stephen Michael (2006). "London", Patricia Neal: An Unquiet Life. University Press of Kentucky, page 82. ISBN 0-8131-2391-7. 
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 Rand, Ayn (1997). Letters of Ayn Rand. Plume. ISBN 0-452-27404-4. 
  15. McConnell, Scott (2010). "Perry Knowlton", 100 Voices: An Oral History of Ayn Rand. Penguin, page 262. ISBN 978-0-451-23130-7. 
  16. "The Fountainhead". Variety. 1949. Retrieved December 10, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. McCarten, John (July 16, 1949). "The Current Cinema". The New Yorker: 47.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. Crowther, Bosley (January 1, 1949). "Gary Cooper Plays an Idealistic Architect in Film Version of The Fountainhead". 
  19. "The Fountainhead". Rotten Tomatoes.
  20. Levy, Emanuel. "Fountainhead, The (1949)"..
  21. "The Fountainhead". 
  22. (2009) "The Show People", Variety's "The Movie that Changed My Life": 120 Celebrities Pick the Films that Made a Difference (for Better or Worse). Da Capo Press, page 163. ISBN 978-0-7867-2100-9. 
  23. Oliver, Charles (December 1992). "Who'll Play Roark?", Reason. 
  24. Weiss, Gary (2012). Ayn Rand Nation: The Hidden Struggle for America's Soul. New York: St. Martin's Press, page 251. ISBN 978-0-312-59073-4. 
  25. Siegel, Tatiana (March 17, 2016). "'Batman v. Superman': Married Creative Duo on That R-Rated DVD, Plans for DC Superhero Universe", The Hollywood Reporter. 
  26. "Berlinale 2020: Retrospective "King Vidor"".. Retrieved on 28 February 2020.

Further reading

  • (2006) Essays on Ayn Rand's The Fountainhead. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 0-7391-1578-2. 

  • Merrill Schleier: "Ayn Rand and King Vidor’s Film The Fountainhead: Architectural Modernism, the Gendered Body, and Political Ideology". In: Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 61, No 3 (2002), pp. 310–313.
  • Merrill Schleier: Skyscraper Cinema: Architecture and Gender in American Film (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2009).

External links

v - e - d
Warner Bros. Pictures 2019.png
1916: Robinson Crusoe

1918: My Four Years in Germany · Kaiser's Finish
1919: Open Your Eyes · Beware! · Speed

1920: The Tiger Band · The Lost City · Parted Curtains

1921: Miracles of the Jungle · School Days · Why Girls Leave Home · Ashamed of Parents
1922: Your Best Friend · Rags to Riches · A Dangerous Adventure · The Beautiful and Damned · Heroes of the Street
1923: Brass · The Tie That Binds · Little Church Around the Corner · Main Street · Where the North Begins · Little Johnny Jones · The Printer's Devil · The Gold Diggers · The Country Kid · Lucretia Lombard · Tiger Rose
1924: Conductor 1492 · George Washington Jr. · Daddies · The Marriage Circle · Beau Brummel · How to Educate a Wife · Broadway After Dark · Babbitt · Being Respectable · Her Marriage Vow · Cornered · Lover's Lane · The Tenth Woman · Find Your Man · Three Women · This Woman · The Age of Innocence · The Lover of Camille · The Dark Swan · The Lighthouse by the Sea · A Lost Lady
1925: The Bridge of Sighs · The Narrow Street · On Thin Ice · A Broadway Butterfly · Recompense · My Wife and I · The Man Without a Conscience · Eve's Lover · Tracked in the Snow Country · How Baxter Butted In · Kiss Me Again · The Woman Hater · The Limited Mail · The Wife Who Wasn't Wanted · His Majesty, Bunker Bean · Below the Line · The Man on the Box · Compromise · Bobbed Hair · Red Hot Tires · Seven Sinners · Satan in Sables · Rose of the World · The Clash of the Wolves · Three Weeks in Paris · Hogan's Alley · Pleasure Buyers · Lady Windermere's Fan
1926: The Fighting Edge · His Jazz Bride · The Sea Beast · The Man Upstairs · The Golden Cocoon · The Caveman · The Love Toy · Bride of the Storm · The Night Cry · Why Girls Go Back Home · The Little Irish Girl · Oh! What a Nurse! · The Gilded Highway · Other Women's Husbands · The Sap · Hell-Bent for Heaven · Silken Shackles · The Social Highwayman · Footloose Widows · The Passionate Quest · A Hero of the Big Snows · So This Is Paris · Don Juan · Broken Hearts of Hollywood · The Honeymoon Express · Millionaires · Across the Pacific · My Official Wife · The Better 'Ole · Private Izzy Murphy · While London Sleeps · The Third Degree
1927: Finger Prints · Wolf's Clothing · The Fortune Hunter · Don't Tell the Wife · Hills of Kentucky · The Gay Old Bird · White Flannels · What Every Girl Should Know · Matinee Ladies · Bitter Apples · The Brute · Tracked by the Police · The Climbers · Irish Hearts · The Missing Link · A Million Bid · Simple Sis · The Black Diamond Express · Dearie · What Happened to Father? · The Heart of Maryland · The Bush Leaguer · When a Man Loves · The Desired Woman · Slightly Used · Old San Francisco · Jaws of Steel · One-Round Hogan · The First Auto · A Sailor's Sweetheart · The Jazz Singer · Sailor Izzy Murphy · The College Widow · A Reno Divorce · A Dog of the Regiment · Good Time Charley · The Silver Slave · The Girl from Chicago · Ginsberg the Great · Brass Knuckles · If I Were Single · Ham and Eggs at the Front · Husbands for Rent
1928: Beware of Married Men · A Race for Life · The Little Snob · Across the Atlantic · Powder My Back · Tenderloin · Domestic Troubles · The Crimson City · Rinty of the Desert · Glorious Betsy · Pay as You Enter · The Lion And The Mouse · Five and Ten Cent Annie · Lights of New York · Women They Talk About · Caught in the Fog · State Street Sadie · The Midnight Taxi · The Terror · Night Watch · Waterfront · The Singing Fool · Show Girl · Do Your Duty · Land of the Silver Fox · Lilac Time · Beware of Bachelors · Noah's Ark · The Home Towners · The Haunted House · Outcast · On Trial · Adoration · The Little Wildcat · The Barker · My Man · Conquest · The Ware Case
1929: Synthetic Sin · Cheyenne · Scarlet Seas · Fancy Baggage · Seven Footprints to Satan · Stark Mad · His Captive Woman · The Greyhound Limited · The Million Dollar Collar · Weary River · The Redeeming Sin · The Lawless Legion · The Royal Rider · Stolen Kisses · Why Be Good? · Children of the Ritz · Saturday's Children · One Stolen Night · Kid Gloves · Queen of the Night Clubs · Love and the Devil · Hardboiled Rose · The Divine Lady · No Defense · The Desert Song · Sonny Boy · Frozen River · From Headquarters · House of Horror · Glad Rag Doll · Hot Stuff · The Squall · Two Weeks Off · Prisoners · The Flying Scotsman · Careers · Madonna of Avenue A · The Girl in the Glass Cage · The Gamblers · Broadway Babies · The Man and the Moment · The Time, The Place And The Girl · On with the Show · Twin Beds · Drag · Smiling Irish Eyes · Hard to Get · The Hottentot · Dark Streets · The Argyle Case · Say It with Songs · Her Private Life · Gold Diggers of Broadway · Honky Tonk · In the Headlines · Fast Life · Skin Deep · Hearts in Exile · The Careless Age · The Great Divide · A Most Immoral Lady · The Isle of Lost Ships · So Long Letty · Is Everybody Happy? · Young Nowheres · The Girl from Woolworth's · Disraeli · Paris · Footlights and Fools · The Sap · The Forward Pass · Little Johnny Jones · The Sacred Flame · The Painted Angel · Evidence · The Love Racket · The Aviator · Tiger Rose · The Show of Shows · Wedding Rings

1931: The Maltese Falcon

1935: Captain Blood
1938: Angels with Dirty Faces · The Adventures of Robin Hood
1939: Dark Victory


1941: The Maltese Falcon
1942: The Man Who Came to Dinner · Yankee Doodle Dandy · Casablanca
1944: Arsenic and Old Lace · To Have and Have Not · Meet Me in St. Louis
1946: The Big Sleep
1947: Dark Passage
1948: The Treasure of the Sierra Madre · Key Largo
1949: White Heat · The Fountainhead

1951: A Streetcar Named Desire

1955: Rebel Without a Cause

1964: The Incredible Mr. Limpet · My Fair Lady
1971: The Priest's Wife

1974: Blazing Saddles
1977: The Late Show · Brothers · Viva Knievel! · Exorcist II: The Heretic · One on One · Greased Lightning · Outlaw Blues · Oh, God! · A Piece of the Action · Starship Invasions · The Pack · The Goodbye Girl · The Gauntlet
1978: Superman
1979: The Bugs Bunny/Road Runner Movie

1980: Just Tell Me What You Want · Simon · The Ninth Configuration · When Time Ran Out · Tom Horn · Gilda Live · Die Laughing · Heart Beat · Friday the 13th · The Shining · Up the Academy · Bronco Billy · No Nukes · Honeysuckle Rose · Caddyshack · The Fiendish Plot of Dr. Fu Manchu · The Big Brawl · AC/DC: Let There Be Rock · Divine Madness · The First Deadly Sin · One Trick Pony · Oh, God! Book II · Private Benjamin · The Awakening · Any Which Way You Can · First Family · Altered States

1981: The Man Who Saw Tomorrow · Sphinx · Back Roads · Eyes of a Stranger · This Is Elvis · Excalibur · The Hand · Outland · Superman II · Arthur · Wolfen · Under the Rainbow · Prince of the City · Body Heat · So Fine · Chariots of Fire · Looker · The Looney Looney Looney Bugs Bunny Movie · Rollover · Sharky's Machine
1982: Bugs Bunny's 3rd Movie: 1001 Rabbit Tales · Best Friends
1983: The Man with Two Brains · Stroker Ace · National Lampoon's Vacation · Cujo · Daffy Duck's Fantastic Island
1984: Gremlins · The NeverEnding Story
1985: The Goonies · National Lampoon's European Vacation
1986: The Clan of the Cave Bear · One Crazy Summer
1987: Lethal Weapon
1988: Daffy Duck's Quackbusters
1989: Lethal Weapon 2 · National Lampoon's Christmas Vacation · Tango & Cash

1990: Gremlins 2: The New Batch

1991: The NeverEnding Story II: The Next Chapter
1992: Lethal Weapon 3
1998: Lethal Weapon 4 · Jack Frost
1999: Pokémon - The First Movie

2000: Pokémon - The Movie 2000 · Pokémon 3: The Movie