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Frederick Bean "Texas/Fred/Tex" Avery (b. February 26, 1908-d. August 26, 1980) was an American animator, cartoonist, voice actor and director, famous for producing animated cartoons during The Golden Age of Hollywood animation. He did his most significant work for the Warner Bros. and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studios, creating the characters of Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Droopy, Screwy Squirrel, George and Junior and Chilly Willy into the personas for which they are remembered.

Avery's influence can be seen in almost all of the animated cartoon series by various studios in the 1940s and 1950s. Gary Morris described Avery's innovative approach:

"Above all, [Avery] steered the Warner Bros. house style away from Disney-esque sentimentality and made cartoons that appealed equally to adults, who appreciated Avery's speed, sarcasm, and irony, and to kids, who liked the nonstop action. Disney's "cute and cuddly" creatures, under Avery's guidance, were transformed into unflappable wits like Bugs Bunny, endearing buffoons like Porky Pig, or dazzling crazies like Daffy Duck. Even the classic fairy tale, a market that Disney had cornered, was appropriated by Avery, who made innocent heroines like Red Riding Hood into sexy jazz babies, more than a match for any Wolf. Avery also endeared himself to intellectuals by constantly breaking through the artifice of the cartoon, having characters leap out of the end credits, loudly object to the plot of the cartoon they were starring in, or speak directly to the audience."[1]

Avery's style of directing encouraged animators to stretch the boundaries of the medium to do things in a cartoon that could not be done in the world of live-action film. An often-quoted line about Avery's cartoons was, "In a cartoon you can do anything."[2] He also performed a great deal of voice work in his cartoons, usually throwaway bits (e.g. the Santa Claus seen briefly in "Who Killed Who?"), but Tex did fill in for Bill Thompson as Droopy, although the individual cartoons where Avery did this have never been specified.

Biography

Early years

Tex Avery was born, to George Walton Avery (b. June 8, 1867 - d. January 14, 1935) and the former Mary Augusta "Jessie" Bean (1886–1931), in Taylor, Texas. His father was born in Alabama. His mother was born in Buena Vista, Chickasaw County, Mississippi. His paternal grandparents were Needham Avery (Civil War veteran) (October 8, 1838 - February 20, 1913, buried at Wehadkee Primitive Baptist Church Cemetery, Randolph County, AL) and his wife Lucinda C. Baxly (May 11, 1844 - March 10, 1892). His maternal grandparents were Frederick Mumford Bean (1852 - October 23, 1886) and his wife Minnie Edgar (July 25, 1854 - May 7, 1940). His paternal Great-grandparents were John Walton Avery (December 16, 1805 - January 13, 1878, buried at Rock Springs Cemetery, Randolph County, AL ) and wife Elizabeth Brannon Tomme Avery (October 17, 1809 - October 15, 1895, buried at Mount Pisgah Primitive Baptist Church Cemetery, Stroud, AL). Avery was said to be a descendant of Judge Roy Bean. However his maternal great-grandparents were actually Mumford Bean from Tennessee (August 22, 1805 - October 10, 1892) and his wife Lucinda from Alabama. Mumford was son of William Bean and his wife Nancy Blevins from Virginia. Their relation to Roy is uncertain though his paternal grandparents were also from Virginia. Avery's family tradition also claimed descent from Daniel Boone.

Avery was raised in his native Taylor, and graduated in 1926 from North Dallas High School.[3] A popular catchphrase at his school was "What's up, doc?",[4] which he would later popularize with Bugs Bunny in the 1940s.

Avery first began his animation career at the Walter Lantz studio in the early 1930s, working on the majority of

Tex with a Mustache

the Oswald the Lucky Rabbit cartoons from 1931-35. He is shown as 'animator' on the original title card credits on the Oswald cartoons. He later claimed to have directed two cartoons during this time.[2] During some office horseplay at MGM, a thumbtack flew into Avery's left eye and caused him to lose use of that eye. Some speculate it was his lack of depth perception that gave him his unique look at animation and bizarre directorial style.[2]

"Termite Terrace"

Avery migrated to the Leon Schlesinger studio in late 1935 and convinced the fast-talking Schlesinger to let him head his own production unit of animators and create cartoons the way he wanted them to be made. Schlesinger responded by assigning the Avery unit, including animators Bob Clampett and Chuck Jones, to a five-room bungalow at the Warner Bros. Sunset Blvd. backlot. Schlesinger placed the Avery unit there so as not to tip off Avery's predecessor Tom Palmer that he was about to be fired.[5] The Avery unit, assigned to work primarily on the black-and-white Looney Tunes instead of the Technicolor Merrie Melodies, soon dubbed their quarters "Termite Terrace", due to its significant termite population.

"Termite Terrace" later became the nickname for the entire Schlesinger/Warners studio, primarily because Avery and his unit were the ones who defined what became known as "the Warner Bros. cartoon". Their first short, Gold Diggers of '49, is recognized as the first cartoon to make Porky Pig a star, and Avery’s experimentation with the medium continued from there.

Creation of Looney Tunes stars

Avery, with the assistance of Clampett, Jones, and new associate director Frank Tashlin, laid the foundation for a style of animation that dethroned The Walt Disney Studio as the kings of animated short films, and created a legion of cartoon stars whose names still shine around the world today. Avery in particular was deeply involved; a perfectionist, Avery constantly crafted gags for the shorts, periodically provided voices for them (including his trademark belly laugh), and held such control over the timing of the shorts that he would add or cut frames out of the final negative if he felt a gag's timing was not quite right.

Daffy Duck

Porky's Duck Hunt introduced the character of Daffy Duck, who possessed a new form of "lunacy" and zaniness that had not been seen before in animated cartoons. Daffy was an almost completely out-of-control "darn fool duck" who frequently bounced around the film frame in double-speed, screaming "Hoo-hoo! hoo-hoo" in a high-pitched, sped-up voice provided by veteran Warners voice artist Mel Blanc, who, with this cartoon, also took over providing the voice of Porky Pig.

Bugs Bunny

Ben Hardaway, Cal Dalton and Chuck Jones directed a series of shorts which featured a Daffy Duck-like rabbit, created by Ben "Bugs" Hardaway. As is the case with most directors, each puts his own personal stamp on the characters, stories and overall feel of a short. So each of these cartoons treated the rabbit differently. The next to try out the rabbit, known around Termite Terrace as "Bugs' Bunny" (named after Hardaway), was Avery. Since the recycling of storylines among the directors was commonplace, "A Wild Hare" was a double throwback. Avery had directed the '37 short, "Porky's Duck Hunt" featuring Porky Pig which introduced "Daffy Duck". Hardaway remade this as "Porky's Hare Hunt" introducing the rabbit. So Avery went back to the "hunter and prey" framework, and incorporating Jones' "Elmer's Candid Camera", gag for gag, and altering the design of Elmer Fudd. Polishing the timing, and expanding the Groucho Marx smart-aleck attitude already present in "Porky's Hare Hunt", making Bugs' a kind of Brooklyn-esque super-cool rabbit who was always in control of the situation and who ran rings around his opponents. Avery has stated that it was very common to refer to folks in Texas as "doc", much like "pal", "dude" or "bud". In A Wild Hare, Bugs adopts this colloquialism when he casually walks up to Elmer, who is "hunting wabbits" and while carefully inspecting a rabbit hole, shotgun in hand, the first words out of Bugs' mouth is a coolly calm, "What's up, doc?". Audiences reacted riotously to the juxtaposition of Bugs' nonchalance and the potentially dangerous situation, and "What's up, doc?" instantly became the rabbit's catchphrase.

Avery ended up directing only four Bugs Bunny cartoons: A Wild Hare, Tortoise Beats Hare, All This and Rabbit Stew, and The Heckling Hare. During this period, he also directed a number of one-shot shorts, including travelogue parodies (The Isle of Pingo Pongo), fractured fairy-tales (The Bear's Tale), Hollywood caricature films (Hollywood Steps Out), and cartoons featuring Bugs Bunny clones (The Crack-Pot Quail).

Avery's tenure at the Schlesinger studio ended in late 1941, when he and the producer quarreled over the ending to The Heckling Hare. In Avery's original version, Bugs and hunting dog were to fall off of a cliff three times, milking the gag to its comic extreme. According to a DVD commentary for the cartoon, historian and animator Greg Ford explained that the problem Schlesinger had with the ending was that, just prior to falling off the third time, Bugs and the dog were to turn to the screen, with Bugs saying "Hold on to your hats, folks, here we go again!" It's thought that this was the punchline to a well-known risqué joke of the day. Schlesinger intervened (supposedly on orders from Jack Warner himself, although it's doubtful Warner would be screening cartoons unless alerted to this particular content), and edited the film so that the characters only fall off the cliff twice (the edited cartoon ends abruptly, after Bugs and the Dog fall through a hole in a cliff and immediately stop short of the ground, saying to the audience, "Heh, fooled you, didn't we?"). An enraged Avery promptly quit the studio, leaving three cartoons he started on but did not complete. They were Crazy Cruise, The Cagey Canary and Aloha Hooey. Bob Clampett picked up where Avery left off and completed the three cartoons.

Speaking of Animals

While at Schlesinger, Avery created a concept of animating lip movement to live action footage of animals. Schlesinger was not interested in Avery's idea, so Avery approached Jerry Fairbanks, a friend of his who produced the "Unusual Occupations" series of short subjects for Paramount Pictures. Fairbanks liked the idea and the "Speaking of Animals" series of shorts was launched. When Avery left Warner, he went straight to Paramount to work on the first three shorts in the series before joining MGM.

Avery at MGM

By 1942, Avery was in the employ of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, working in their cartoon division under the supervision of Fred Quimby. Avery felt that Schlesinger had stifled him. At MGM, Avery's creativity reached its peak. His cartoons became known for their sheer lunacy, breakneck pace, and a penchant for playing with the medium of animation and film in general that few other directors dared to approach. MGM also offered him larger budgets and a higher quality production level than the Warners studio. Plus, his unit was filled with ex-Disney artists such as Preston Blair and Ed Love. These changes were evident in Avery's first short released by MGM, The Blitz Wolf, an Adolf Hitler parody which was nominated for the Academy Award for Animated Short Film
Texavery

Tex Avery with Fred Quimby.

(Cartoons) in 1942.

Avery's most famous MGM character debuted in 1943's "Dumb-Hounded". Droopy (originally "Happy Hound") was a calm, little, slow-moving and slow-talking dog who still won out in the end. He also created a series of risqué cartoons, beginning with 1943's "Red Hot Riding Hood", featuring a sexy female star who never had a set name but has been unofficially referred to as "Red" by fans. Her visual design and voice varied somewhat between shorts. Other Avery characters at MGM included Screwy Squirrel and the "Of Mice and Men"-inspired duo of George and Junior.

Other notable MGM cartoons directed by Avery include "Bad Luck Blackie", "Cellbound", "Magical Maestro", "Lucky Ducky", "Ventriloquist Cat" and "King-Size Canary". Avery began his stint at MGM working with lush colors and realistic backgrounds, but he slowly abandoned this style for a more frenetic, less realistic approach. The newer, more stylized look reflected the influence of the up-and-coming UPA studio, the need to cut costs as budgets grew higher, and Avery's own desire to leave reality behind and make cartoons that were not tied to the real world of live action. During this period, he made a notable series of films which explored the technology of the future: The House of Tomorrow, The Car of Tomorrow, The Farm of Tomorrow and TV of Tomorrow (spoofing common live-action promotional shorts of the time). He also introduced a slow-talking wolf character, who was the prototype for MGM associates Hanna-Barbera's Huckleberry Hound character, right down to the voice by Daws Butler.

Avery took a year's sabbatical from MGM beginning in 1950 (to recover from overwork), during which time Dick Lundy, recently arrived from the Walter Lantz studio, took over his unit and made one Droopy cartoon, as well as a string of shorts with an old character, Barney Bear. Avery returned to MGM in October 1951 and began working again. Avery's last two original cartoons for MGM were "Deputy Droopy and Cellbound", completed in 1953 and released in 1955. They were co-directed by Avery unit animator Michael Lah. Lah began directing a handful of CinemaScope Droopy shorts on his own. A burnt-out Avery left MGM in 1953 to return to the Walter Lantz studio.

After MGM

Avery's return to the Lantz studio did not last long. He directed four cartoons in 1954-1955: the one-shots "Crazy Mixed-Up Pup", and "Shh-h-h-h-h", and "I'm Cold" and "The Legend of Rockabye Point", in which he defined the character of Chilly Willy the penguin. Although "The Legend of Rockabye Point" and "Crazy Mixed-Up Pup" were nominated for Academy Awards, Avery left Lantz over a salary dispute, effectively ending his career in theatrical animation.

He turned to animated television commercials, most notably the Raid commercials of the 1960s and 1970s (in which cartoon insects, confronted by the bug killer, screamed "RAID!" and died flamboyantly) and Frito-Lay's controversial mascot, the Frito Bandito. Avery also produced ads for Kool-Aid fruit drinks starring the Warner Bros. characters he had once helped create during his Termite Terrace days.

During the 1960s and 1970s, Avery became increasingly reserved and depressed, although he continued to draw respect from his peers. His final employer was Hanna-Barbera Productions, where he wrote gags for Saturday morning cartoons such as the Droopy-esque "Kwicky Koala".

On Tuesday, August 26, 1980, Avery died of liver cancer at St. Joseph's Hospital in Burbank, California at age 72. He is buried in Forest Lawn - Hollywood Hills Cemetery.

Legacy

Texaveryshow01

The Title Sequence to The Tex Avery Show, which showcased his works.

Although Tex Avery did not live to experience the late-1980s renaissance of animation, his work was rediscovered and he began to receive widespread attention and praise by the modern animation and film communities. His influence is strongly reflected in modern cartoons such as Roger Rabbit, Ren and Stimpy, Oggy and the Cockroaches, Animaniacs, Freakazoid, SpongeBob SquarePants, and the Genie character in Disney's Aladdin. In fact, an Averyesque cowboy character bore his name in the otherwise unrelated series "The Wacky World of Tex Avery". His work has been honored on shows such as "The Tex Avery Show" and "Cartoon Alley". His characters (particularly Bugs Bunny and the risqué antics of Red Hot Riding Hood) were referenced in the Jim Carrey film "The Mask". In the mid 1990s, Dark Horse Comics released a trio of three-issue miniseries that were openly labelled tributes to Avery's MGM cartoons, Wolf & Red, Droopy, and Screwy Squirrel. It should also be noted that Tex Avery, unlike most Warner Brothers directors, kept many original title frames of his cartoons, several otherwise lost due to Blue Ribbon Reissues. Rare prints and art containing original titles and unedited animation from Avery's MGM and Warner Bros. cartoons are now usually sold on eBay or in the collections of animators and cartoon enthusiasts. In 2008 France issued three stamps honoring Tex Avery for his 100th birthday, depicting Droopy, the redheaded showgirl, and the wolf.

Today, the copyrights to all classic color cartoons directed by Avery at Warners and MGM are owned by Turner Entertainment, with Warner Bros. handling distribution. (WB owns the black-and-white cartoons directly.) Turner and WB are both units of Time Warner. The cartoons he directed at the Lantz studio are owned by their original distributors, Universal Studios. A few of Avery's WB and MGM shorts are in the public domain, but WB and Turner hold the original film elements.

All of his MGM shorts were released in a North American MGM/UA laserdisc set called "The Complete Tex Avery". While one cartoon on the set was an edited version, this being the blackface gag in "Droopy's Good Deed", others, including the "politically incorrect" "Uncle Tom's Cabana" and "Half-Pint Pygmy" were included intact (although these were removed from the Region 2 DVD release, now out of print). . Several of his cartoons were released on VHS, in four volumes of "Tex Avery's Screwball Classics", two Droopy collections, and various inclusions on MGM animation collection releases, with many gags edited out for television showings left in. Avery's Droopy cartoons are available on the DVD set "Tex Avery's Droopy: The Complete Theatrical Collection".[6] The seven Droopy cartoons produced in CinemaScope were included here in their original widescreen versions (albeit letter-boxed), instead of the pan and scan versions regularly broadcast on television. Also, some of his works could be found on home video releases (from VHS to Blu-ray) of Warner Bros.' Merrie Melodies and Looney Tunes shorts, and the same is true of his few Lantz Studio cartoons.

Although his complete collection of MGM cartoons were released by fans on DVD as bootlegs,[7][8] Warner Home Video and Turner currently have no plans to officially re-release the cartoons themselves on DVD or Blu-ray, although a selection of Tex's films did appear, un-restored, on the Looney Tunes Platinum Collection: Volume 2 release.[9]

Films directed or co-directed by Tex Avery

Avery's career as director begins reputedly during his employ at Walter Lantz Productions in the early 30s, a spell in which he claims to have directed two animations. His directing credits span the time from his tenure at Warner Bros, to his creative peak at MGM, and finally his return to Walter Lantz studios (although after this short-lived period Avery turned to directing some well-known and notable advertisements).

Characters created

References

  1. http://www.brightlightsfilm.com/22/texavery.html
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Adamson, Joe, Tex Avery: King of Cartoons, New York: Da Capo Press, 1975.
  3. Parks, Scott K. (February 21, 2010). "North Dallas High murals pay homage to animated alumnus Tex Avery".. Dallas Morning News. Retrieved on February 22, 2010.
  4. Haile, Bartee (January 20, 2010). "Nothing Funny About Sad Life Of Daffy Duck Creator"..
  5. International Aminated Film Society.
  6. "Warner Home Video product information for Tex Avery's Droopy: The Complete Theatrical Collection (DVD)".. WarnerHomevideo.com. Retrieved on 2007-06-15.
  7. http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_W0zQuRnG2wo/SIA1TK-wJcI/AAAAAAAAIKk/PTm-qKW250Y/s1600-h/Tex+Avery.jpg
  8. http://trazosenelbloc.blogspot.hu/2008/07/tex-avery-uno-de-los-grandes-de-la-edad.html
  9. http://www.dohtem.com/bugs/news/


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Looney tunes and merrie melodies logo
Media
Franchises: Show-logo-looneyTunesMerrie Melodies logo

Shorts:
Television: The Bugs Bunny ShowThe Porky Pig ShowThe Road Runner ShowThe Merrie Melodies ShowSylvester and TweetyThe Daffy Duck ShowThe Daffy/Speedy ShowLooney Tunes on NickelodeonMerrie Melodies Starring Bugs Bunny and FriendsThat's Warner Bros.!Bugs N' Daffy
Feature Films: The Bugs Bunny/Road Runner MovieThe Looney Looney Looney Bugs Bunny MovieBugs Bunny's 3rd Movie: 1001 Rabbit TalesDaffy Duck's Fantastic IslandDaffy Duck's QuackbustersSpace JamThe Looney Tunes Hall of FameLooney Tunes: Back in Action
Specials: Daffy Duck and Porky Pig Meet the Groovie GhouliesCarnival of the AnimalsBugs Bunny's Easter FunniesBugs Bunny in SpaceBugs Bunny's Howl-o-Ween SpecialA Connecticut Rabbit in King Arthur's CourtBugs Bunny's ValentineBugs Bunny's Looney Christmas TalesHow Bugs Bunny Won the WestThe Bugs Bunny Mother's Day SpecialBugs Bunny's Thanksgiving DietDaffy Duck's Easter SpecialBugs Bunny's Bustin' Out All OverThe Bugs Bunny Mystery SpecialDaffy Duck's Thanks-For-Giving SpecialBugs Bunny: All American HeroBugs Bunny's Mad World of TelevisionAn Ounce of PreventionBugs vs. Daffy: Battle of the Music Video StarsBugs Bunny's Wild World of SportsHappy Birthday Bugs! 50 Looney YearsBugs Bunny's Overtures to DisasterBugs Bunny's Creature FeaturesBugs Bunny's Lunar Tunes

Characters
Main characters: Barnyard DawgBeaky BuzzardBugs BunnyCecil TurtleCharlie DogClaude CatDaffy DuckElmer FuddFoghorn LeghornGossamerGrannyHector the BulldogHenery HawkHippety HopperHubie and BertieLola BunnyMac and ToshMarc Anthony and PussyfootMarvin the MartianMichigan J. FrogMiss PrissyPenelope PussycatPepé Le PewPete PumaPorky PigRalph WolfRoad RunnerSam SheepdogSpeedy GonzalesSylvesterSylvester Jr.TazThe CrusherTweety BirdWile E. CoyoteWitch HazelYosemite Sam

Minor characters: Blacque Jacque ShellacqueBoskoThe CrusherGiovanni JonesYoyo DodoTasmanian She-DevilMelissa DuckHugo the Abominable SnowmanSpike and ChesterNasty CanastaThe GremlinPrivate SnafuPetunia PigPlayboy PenguinShropshire SlasherCount BloodcountMama BuzzardColonel ShuffleEgghead Jr.Owl JolsonToro the BullRocky and MugsyMinah BirdInkiBeansLittle KittyHam And ExOliver OwlPiggyGabby GoatBuddyHoneySlowpoke RodriguezThe Three BearsFoxyK-9A. FleaSnifflesConstruction WorkerFrisky PuppyRalph MouseHoney BunnyRoxyThe Martin BrothersRalph PhillipsClyde BunnyFauntleroy FlipDr. I.Q. HiGruesome GorillaSloppy MoeHatta MariBusinessmanThe WeaselWiloughbyThe Two Curious PuppiesCool CatBabbit and CatstelloInstant MartiansBobo the ElephantColonel RimfireSmokey The GenieJose and ManuelMerlin the Magic Mouse and Second BananaConrad the CatAngus MacRoryBanty RoosterThree Little PigsTom TurkeyGoopy GeerNelly the GiraffeAla BahmaDr. LorreCottontail SmithBunny and ClaudeClaude HopperThe Hep CatThe Drunk StorkThe CatSinging CatSouthern SheriffOld Woman's CanaryOld Woman's CatBluebeardPorky's Drunken FriendsOld WomanLittle Red Riding Hood's Grandma • Little Red Riding Hood (Little Red Walking Hood/Little Red Riding Rabbit/Goldilocks and the Jivin' Bears) • Goldilocks (The Bear's Tale/Goldilocks and the Jivin' Bears) • The CrowKing ArthurKing Arthur's Knights

Studios
Warner Bros. CartoonsDePatie-Freleng EnterprisesFormat FilmsChuck Jones EnterprisesReel FX
People
Dave BarryWarren BatchelderMel BlancTed BonnicksenArthur Q. BryanBill ButlerBob ClampettRuss DysonMilt FranklynFriz FrelengManny GouldGeorge GrandpreKen HarrisHugh HarmanRochelle HudsonRudolf IsingUb IwerksChuck JonesCarman MaxwellNorman McCabeChuck McKimsonRobert McKimsonTom McKimsonWillian LavaLou LillyMichael MalteseTedd PierceHawley PrattTom RayVirgil RossLeon SchlesingerRob ScribnerEddie SelzerCarl StallingLarry Storch
Music/Songs
A Hot Time in the Old Town TonightWhistle and Blow Your Blues AwayI Think You're DuckyThe Merry-Go-Round Broke DownMerrily We Roll Along
Other


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Tom and Jerry
Media
Animated shorts: Tom and Jerry

Television series: The Tom and Jerry Show (1975) | The Tom and Jerry Comedy Show | Tom & Jerry Kids | Tom and Jerry Tales | The Tom and Jerry Show (2014)
Specials: Hanna-Barbera's 50th: A Yabba Dabba Doo Celebration | Tom and Jerry: The Mansion Cat | Tom and Jerry: Santa's Little Helpers
Films: Tom and Jerry: The Movie | Tom and Jerry: The Magic Ring | Tom and Jerry: Blast Off to Mars | Tom and Jerry: The Fast and the Furry | Tom and Jerry: Shiver Me Whiskers | Tom and Jerry: A Nutcracker Tale | Tom and Jerry Meet Sherlock Holmes | Tom and Jerry and the Wizard of Oz | Tom and Jerry: Robin Hood and His Merry Mouse | Tom and Jerry's Giant Adventure | Tom and Jerry: The Lost Dragon | Tom and Jerry: Spy Quest | Tom and Jerry: Back to Oz | Tom and Jerry: Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory

Main Characters
Tom Cat | Jerry Mouse
Other characters
Spike Bulldog | Tyke Bulldog | Mammy Two Shoes | Butch Cat | Toodles Galore | Nibbles Mouse | Jerry's Mother | Droopy | Barney Bear | Tuffy Mouse | Tim Cat | George and Joan | George and Joan's Baby | Toots (The Zoot Cat) | Toots (Puss n' Toots) | Toots (mouse) | Screwy Squirrel
Movie characters
The Alley Cat Gang | Straycatchers | Dr. Applecheek | Pristine Figg | Lickboot | Ferdinand
Guest/Crossovers characters
Locations
Songs
Video games
Video games:
Other
Home video
Companies and Distributors
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer | Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer cartoon studio | MGM Animation/Visual Arts | Turner Entertainment | Hanna-Barbera | Warner Bros. | Miramax Films | Warner Bros. Animation | Warner Bros. Television | Warner Home Video | Warner Archive Collection | Taft Broadcasting | Worldvision Enterprises | MGM Television | Turner Program Services | Filmation


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Warner Bros. Cartoons 1947
Media
Shorts (1929-1939):

Shorts (1940-1949):
Shorts (1950-1959):
Shorts (1960-1969):

Studios
Songs
Other
Warner Bros. CartoonsLooney TunesMerrie Melodies
See also


v - e - d
Hanna Barbera logo
Television series
1950s:

The Ruff and Reddy Show | The Huckleberry Hound Show (Yogi Bear / Pixie and Dixie and Mr. Jinks / Hokey Wolf) | The Quick Draw McGraw Show (Augie Doggie and Doggie Daddy / Snooper and Blabber)
1960s:
The Flintstones | The Yogi Bear Show (Snagglepuss / Yakky Doodle) | Top Cat | The Hanna-Barbera New Cartoon Series (Wally Gator / Touché Turtle and Dum Dum / Lippy the Lion & Hardy Har Har) | The Jetsons | The Magilla Gorilla Show (Punkin' Puss & Mushmouse / Ricochet Rabbit & Droop-a-Long) | Jonny Quest | The Peter Potamus Show (Breezly and Sneezly / Yippee, Yappee and Yahooey) | The Atom Ant Show (Precious Pupp / The Hillbilly Bears / Secret Squirrel / Squiddly Diddly / Winsome Witch) | Sinbad Jr. and his Magic Belt | Laurel and Hardy | Frankenstein, Jr. and The Impossibles | Space Ghost and Dino Boy (Space Ghost (TV series) / Dino Boy in the Lost Valley) | The Space Kidettes | The Abbott and Costello Cartoon Show | Birdman and the Galaxy Trio | The Herculoids | Shazzan | Fantastic Four | Moby Dick and Mighty Mightor | Samson & Goliath | The Banana Splits Adventure Hour (The Banana Splits / Arabian Knights / The Three Musketeers / Micro Ventures / Danger Island) | The Adventures of Gulliver | The New Adventures of Huckleberry Finn | Wacky Races | The Perils of Penelope Pitstop | Dastardly and Muttley in Their Flying Machines | Cattanooga Cats | Scooby-Doo, Where Are You!
1970s:
Harlem Globetrotters | Josie and the Pussycats | Where's Huddles? | The Pebbles and Bamm-Bamm Show | Help!... It's the Hair Bear Bunch! | The Funky Phantom | The Amazing Chan and the Chan Clan | Wait Till Your Father Gets Home | The Flintstone Comedy Hour | The Roman Holidays | Sealab 2020 | The New Scooby-Doo Movies | Josie and the Pussycats in Outer Space | Speed Buggy | Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kids | Yogi's Gang | Super Friends | Goober and the Ghost Chasers | Inch High, Private Eye | Jeannie | The Addams Family (1973) | Hong Kong Phooey | Devlin | Partridge Family 2200 A.D. | These Are the Days | Valley of the Dinosaurs | Wheelie and the Chopper Bunch | Korg: 70,000 B.C. | The New Tom & Jerry/Grape Ape/Mumbly Show (The Tom and Jerry Show (1975) / The Great Grape Ape Show / The Mumbly Cartoon Show) | The Scooby-Doo/Dynomutt Hour (The Scooby-Doo Show / Dynomutt, Dog Wonder) | Clue Club | Jabberjaw | Fred Flintstone and Friends (The Flintstone Comedy Hour / Goober and the Ghost Chasers / Jeannie / Partridge Family 2200 A.D. / The Pebbles and Bamm-Bamm Show / Yogi's Gang) | Scooby's All-Star Laff-A-Lympics (The Scooby-Doo Show / Scooby-Doo, Where Are You! / Laff-A-Lympics / Captain Caveman and the Teen Angels / The Blue Falcon & Dynomutt) | CB Bears (Posse Impossible / Blast-Off Buzzard / Undercover Elephant / Shake, Rattle, and Roll / Heyy, It's the King!) | The Skatebirds (Clue Club / The Robonic Stooges / Wonder Wheels / Mystery Island) | The All-New Super Friends Hour (The Wonder Twins) | The Hanna-Barbera Happy Hour | The All New Popeye Hour (Dinky Dog) | Yogi's Space Race (Galaxy Goof-Ups) | Buford and the Galloping Ghost (The Buford Files / The Galloping Ghost) | Challenge of the Super Friends | Godzilla (Jana of the Jungle) | Fred and Barney Meet The Thing and the Shmoo (The New Fred and Barney Show / The Thing / The New Shmoo) | Casper and the Angels | The Super Globetrotters | Scooby-Doo and Scrappy-Doo | The World's Greatest Super Friends | Amigo and Friends
1980s:
The B.B. Beegle Show | Super Friends | Drak Pack | The Flintstone Comedy Show | The Fonz and the Happy Days Gang | The Richie Rich/Scooby-Doo Show (Scooby-Doo and Scrappy-Doo / Richie Rich) | Laverne & Shirley in the Army | Space Stars (Teen Force / Astro and the Space Mutts / Space Ghost / The Herculoids) | The Kwicky Koala Show (The Bungle Brothers / Crazy Claws / Dirty Dawg) | Trollkins | The Smurfs (Johan and Peewit) | The Flintstone Funnies (The Flintstone Family Adventures / Bedrock Cops / Pebbles, Dino and Bamm-Bamm / Captain Caveman / Dino and Cavemouse / The Frankenstones) | The Pac-Man/Little Rascals/Richie Rich Show (The Little Rascals / Richie Rich / Pac-Man) | Mork & Mindy/Laverne & Shirley/Fonz Hour | The Scooby & Scrappy-Doo/Puppy Hour (Scooby-Doo and Scrappy-Doo / Scrappy and Yabba-Doo / The Puppy's Further Adventures) | Jokebook | Shirt Tales | The Gary Coleman Show | The Dukes | The Monchhichis/Little Rascals/Richie Rich Show (Monchhichis / The Little Rascals / Richie Rich) | The Pac-Man/Rubik, the Amazing Cube Hour (Rubik, the Amazing Cube / Pac-Man) | The New Scooby and Scrappy-Doo Show (The New Scooby-Doo Mysteries) | The Biskitts | Lucky Luke | Benji, Zax & the Alien Prince | Going Bananas | Snorks | Challenge of the GoBots | Super Friends: The Legendary Super Powers Show | Paw Paws | Yogi's Treasure Hunt | Galtar and the Golden Lance | The Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians | The 13 Ghosts of Scooby-Doo | The New Adventures of Jonny Quest | Pound Puppies | The Flintstone Kids (Captain Caveman and Son) | Foofur | Wildfire | Sky Commanders | Popeye and Son | A Pup Named Scooby-Doo | The Completely Mental Misadventures of Ed Grimley | The New Yogi Bear Show | Fantastic Max | The Further Adventures of SuperTed | Paddington Bear
1990s:
Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventures | The Adventures of Don Coyote and Sancho Panda | Tom & Jerry Kids (Droopy and Dripple / Spike and Tyke) | Wake, Rattle, and Roll | Gravedale High | Midnight Patrol: Adventures in the Dream Zone | The Pirates of Dark Water | Yo Yogi! | Young Robin Hood | Fish Police | Capitol Critters | The Addams Family | Droopy, Master Detective | The New Adventures of Captain Planet | SWAT Kats: The Radical Squadron | 2 Stupid Dogs (Super Secret Secret Squirrel | Space Ghost Coast to Coast | Dumb and Dumber | What a Cartoon! | Cave Kids | The Real Adventures of Jonny Quest | Dexter's Laboratory | Johnny Bravo | Cow and Chicken / I Am Weasel | The Powerpuff Girls
Warner Bros. Animation television series based on cartoons:
What's New, Scooby-Doo? | Shaggy & Scooby-Doo Get a Clue! | Scooby-Doo! Mystery Incorporated | Be Cool, Scooby-Doo! | Wacky Races (2017) | Scooby-Doo and Guess Who? | Yabba-Dabba Dinosaurs!

Original independent pilots
Kenny and the Chimp | King Crab: Space Crustacean | The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy: Meet the Reaper | Whatever Happened to Robot Jones? | Foe Paws | Uncle Gus: For the Love of Monkeys | Thrillseeker
Movies, Shorts and Specials
The ABC Saturday Superstar Movie:
Yogi's Ark Lark | Oliver and the Artful Dodger | The Adventures of Robin Hoodnik | The Banana Splits in Hocus Pocus Park
ABC Afterschool Specials:
Last of the Curlews | The Runaways | Cyrano | Great Comedy Concert
The Flintstone Primetime Specials:
The Flintstones' New Neighbors | The Flintstones: Fred's Final Fling | The Flintstones: Wind-Up Wilma | The Flintstones: Jogging Fever
Hanna-Barbera Superstars 10:
Yogi's Great Escape | The Jetsons Meet the Flintstones | Scooby-Doo Meets the Boo Brothers | Yogi Bear and the Magical Flight of the Spruce Goose | Top Cat and the Beverly Hills Cats | Scooby-Doo and the Ghoul School | Rockin' with Judy Jetson | The Good, the Bad, and Huckleberry Hound | Yogi and the Invasion of the Space Bears | Scooby-Doo and the Reluctant Werewolf
Other animated specials and telefilms:
Alice in Wonderland or What's a Nice Kid Like You Doing in a Place Like This? | The Thanksgiving That Almost Wasn't | A Christmas Story | The Count of Monte Cristo | 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea | The Last of the Mohicans | Davy Crockett on the Mississippi | Energy: A National Issue | Five Weeks in a Balloon | Yabba Dabba Doo! The Happy World of Hanna-Barbera | A Flintstone Christmas | Hanna-Barbera's All-Star Comedy Ice Revue | The Flintstones: Little Big League | Black Beauty | The Hanna-Barbera Hall of Fame: Yabba Dabba Doo II | Gulliver's Travels | Casper's Halloween Special | The Flintstones Meet Rockula and Frankenstone | Scooby Goes Hollywood | Casper's First Christmas | Yogi's First Christmas | The Harlem Globetrotters Meet Snow White | Here Comes The Smurfs | The Funtastic World of Hanna-Barbera Arena Show | The Smurfs' Springtime Special | The Smurfs' Christmas Special | Yogi Bear's All Star Comedy Christmas Caper | My Smurfy Valentine | The Secret World of Og | The Smurfs' Halloween | Smurfily Ever After | The Smurfic Games | Pound Puppies | Star Fairies | The Flintstones' 25th Anniversary Celebration | Smurfquest | Rock Odyssey | Ultraman: The Adventure Begins | Tis The Season to Be Smurfy | Flintstone Kids' "Just Say No" Special | Hanna-Barbera's 50th: A Yabba Dabba Doo Celebration | Hägar the Horrible: Hägar Knows Best | The Yum Yums: The Day Things Went Sour | The Flintstones: A Page Right Out of History | The Last Halloween | Monster in My Pocket: The Big Scream | I Yabba-Dabba Do! | Jonny's Golden Quest | The Halloween Tree | The Town Santa Forgot | Hollyrock-a-Bye Baby | A Flintstone Family Christmas | Yogi the Easter Bear | Scooby-Doo! in Arabian Nights | A Flintstones Christmas Carol | SWAT Kats: A Special Report | Daisy-Head Mayzie | Jonny Quest vs. The Cyber Insects | Dexter's Laboratory: Ego Trip | The Flintstones: On the Rocks
Live-action TV movies and specials:
Jack and the Beanstalk | Hardcase | Shootout in a One-Dog Town | The Gathering | The Beasts Are on the Streets | Kiss Meets the Phantom of the Park | Legends of the Superheroes | Belle Starr | Deadline
The Greatest Adventure: Stories from the Bible and Timeless Tales from Hallmark:
The Greatest Adventure: Stories from the Bible (The Creation / Noah's Ark / Joseph and His Brothers / Moses / Joshua and the Battle of Jericho / Samson and Delilah / David and Goliath / Jonah / Daniel and the Lions' Den / Queen Esther / The Nativity / The Miracles of Jesus / The Easter Story) | Timeless Tales from Hallmark
Theatrical shorts series:
Loopy De Loop
Theatrical films based on cartoons:
Hey There, It's Yogi Bear! | The Man Called Flintstone | Jetsons: The Movie | Tom and Jerry: The Movie (former) | The Flintstones | The Flintstones in Viva Rock Vegas | Scooby-Doo | The Powerpuff Girls Movie | Scooby-Doo 2: Monsters Unleashed | Yogi Bear | Top Cat: The Movie | Top Cat Begins | S.C.O.O.B.
Direct-to-video films based on cartoons:
Scooby-Doo on Zombie Island | Scooby-Doo! and the Witch's Ghost | Scooby-Doo and the Alien Invaders | Scooby-Doo and the Cyber Chase | Scooby-Doo! and the Legend of the Vampire | Scooby-Doo! and the Monster of Mexico | Scooby-Doo! and the Loch Ness Monster | Aloha, Scooby-Doo! | Scooby-Doo! in Where's My Mummy? | Scooby-Doo! Pirates Ahoy! | Chill Out, Scooby-Doo! | Scooby-Doo! and the Goblin King | Scooby-Doo! and the Samurai Sword | Scooby-Doo! Abracadabra-Doo | Scooby-Doo! Camp Scare | Scooby-Doo! Legend of the Phantosaur | Scooby-Doo! Music of the Vampire | Big Top Scooby-Doo! | Scooby-Doo! Mask of the Blue Falcon | Scooby-Doo! Adventures: The Mystery Map | Scooby-Doo! Stage Fright | Scooby-Doo! WrestleMania Mystery | Scooby-Doo! Frankencreepy | Scooby-Doo! Moon Monster Madness | The Flintstones & WWE: Stone Age SmackDown! | Tom and Jerry: Spy Quest | Scooby-Doo! and Kiss: Rock and Roll Mystery | Lego Scooby-Doo! Haunted Hollywood | Scooby-Doo! and WWE: Curse of the Speed Demon | Scooby-Doo! Shaggy's Showdown | The Jetsons & WWE: Robo-WrestleMania! | Lego Scooby-Doo! Blowout Beach Bash | Scooby-Doo! & Batman: The Brave and the Bold | Daphne & Velma | Scooby-Doo! and the Gourmet Ghost | Scooby-Doo! and the Curse of the 13th Ghost
Theme Parks, Attractions and Rides
The Funtastic World of Hanna-Barbera | Hanna–Barbera Land | Hanna-Barbera's Marineland | Scooby's Ghoster Coaster | Scooby-Doo Spooky Coaster | Scooby-Doo's Haunted Mansion
Characters
Locations
Objects
Transports/Vehicles
See also
Ruby-Spears | Warner Bros. Animation
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