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Ready Player One is a 2018 American science fiction adventure film based on Ernest Cline's novel of the same name. Directed by Steven Spielberg, from a screenplay by Zak Penn and Cline, it stars Tye Sheridan, Olivia Cooke, Ben Mendelsohn, Lena Waithe, T.J. Miller, Simon Pegg, and Mark Rylance. Set in 2045, much of humanity uses the OASIS, a virtual reality simulation, to escape the real world. The orphaned Wade Watts finds clues to a contest that promises the ownership of the OASIS to the winner, and he and four allies try to complete it before a corporation run by businessman Nolan Sorrento can do so.

Development first began in 2010 when Warner Bros. acquired the rights to the book. In July 2015, Spielberg signed on to direct and produce the film, with casting for the film beginning in September 2015. Filming began in England in July 2016 and was completed in September 2016. The visual effects were handled by Industrial Light & Magic (ILM), Digital Domain, and Territory Studio, with some pre-visualization done by The Third Floor. As with the novel, several popular culture references appear throughout the film, with references to The Shining, the Back to the Future franchise, and The Iron Giant appearing most prominently.

Ready Player One premiered at South by Southwest in Austin, Texas on March 11, 2018, and was theatrically released by Warner Bros. Pictures in the United States on March 29, 2018. The film received mostly positive reviews from critics who praised its visuals, brisk pacing, and the performances of Sheridan and Rylance, but criticized its character development.[10][11] It grossed over $582 million worldwide, as well as earning a nomination for Best Visual Effects at the 91st Academy Awards, 24th Critics' Choice Awards, and 72nd British Academy Film Awards.

Plot

In 2045, people seek to escape from reality through the OASIS (an acronym for Ontologically Anthropocentric Sensory Immersive Simulation), a virtual reality simulation created by James Halliday and Ogden Morrow of Gregarious Games. After Halliday's death, a pre-recorded message left by his avatar, Anorak, announces a contest that promises ownership of the OASIS to the winner of an Easter egg within it, which is beyond a locked gate requiring three keys, can be obtained by accomplishing three challenges. The contest has lured thousands of egg hunters, or "Gunters", and the interest of Nolan Sorrento, the CEO of Innovative Online Industries (IOI for short), who seeks to control the OASIS himself by inserting intrusive online advertising. IOI uses indentured servants employed at their loyalty centers and its employees, the Sixers, to find the egg.

Parzival, the avatar of Wade Watts, an avid Gunter, participates in the first challenge, an unbeatable race, along with his best friend, Aech, and Art3mis, a female avatar on whom Parzival has a crush. Parzival regularly visits Halliday's Journals, a simulated archive of Halliday's life and hobbies run by an avatar known as The Curator. Wade receives the Copper Key after he wins the race by driving through a hidden route behind its starting line, while Art3mis, Aech, and his friends Daito and Sho, all win it soon after, later being collectively named the High-5 on the contest's scoreboard.

Sorrento asks bounty hunter i-R0k to learn about Parzival's true identity, intending to bribe him to win the contest on IOI's behalf. Wade and Art3mis discover from the Journals that Halliday once dated Morrow's wife, Karen "Kira" Underwood. Wade and Art3mis visit the Distracted Globe night club to look for clues, where Wade confesses his love and true name to Art3mis. They survive an ambush from IOI in which Art3mis abandons Wade, explaining that her father died in debt to IOI. i-R0k, who was eavesdropping on their conversation, informs Sorrento of his findings. Sorrento then contacts Wade with his offer, which he rejects. Sorrento attempts to dispose of Wade by bombing his home, killing his aunt Alice and her boyfriend Rick among others. Wade is taken in by Art3mis' player, Samantha Cook, during which they come to the realization that the second challenge relates to Halliday's regret of not pursuing a relationship with Kira. Along with Aech, Daito, and Sho, Parzival and Art3mis search a re-creation of the Overlook Hotel from The Shining for the Jade Key and retrieve it. Sorrento's subordinate, F'Nale Zandor, storms Samantha's hideout and imprisons her in one of IOI's loyalty centers to pay off her father's debt. Wade escapes with the help of the other High-5 users, Helen Harris (Aech), Toshiro (Daito), and Zhou (Sho) in Helen's truck. Samantha escapes confinement after the group hacks Sorrento's OASIS rig.

The third challenge is located in Castle Anorak on Planet Doom, where players must guess Halliday's favorite Atari 2600 game to earn the Crystal Key. iR0k places a forcefield around the castle using the Orb of Osuvox, but Art3mis soon disables it. The High-5 lead an army of players against IOI's forces. Parzival destroys Samantha's avatar, allowing her to flee from IOI while the High-5 picks her up, and reaches the castle, but Sorrento activates the powerful Cataclyst, which causes them and the rebels to be wiped out. Parzival survives via an extra life coin given to him earlier by the Curator in a bet and plays Adventure, winning the Crystal Key by locating the game's Easter egg. He uses all the keys to unlock the gate, where Anorak offers him to sign a contract. Parzival recognizes it as the one Morrow signed when Halliday forced him out of Gregarious Games and refuses to sign it. Anorak transforms into Halliday, who expresses his regrets in life and awards Parzival the Easter egg.

As Sorrento and Zandor are arrested by the police, having received a recording of the former's confession from Aech, Morrow appears, who is revealed to be the Curator's player. Wade decides to run the OASIS with his friends, inviting Morrow to join them as a consultant. With the OASIS under its new management, IOI's loyalty centers are now barred from accessing it, forcing the company to shut them down and free its servants as the OASIS resumes its operations, but is closed every Tuesday and Thursday so people can spend more time in the real world, including Wade and Samantha, who start a relationship.

Cast

Additional cast

  • Susan Lynch as Alice[22]
  • Ralph Ineson as Rick[23]
  • Perdita Weeks as Karen "Kira" Underwood[24]
  • Clare Higgins as Mrs. Gilmore[25][26]
  • Letitia Wright
  • McKenna Grace
  • Lulu Wilson

Production

Development and casting

Warner Bros. bought the film rights for producers Dan Farah and Donald De Line in June 2010, one year before the book was published.[27] Ernest Cline was set to write the script for the film, which De Line and Farah would produce.[28] Eric Eason rewrote Cline's script,[29] and Zak Penn was hired to rewrite the previous drafts by Cline and Eason (who became uncredited for the final draft), along with Village Roadshow Pictures coming aboard.[30] Steven Spielberg signed on to direct and produce the film, which Kristie Macosko Krieger also produced, along with De Line and Farah.[31] Cline and Penn made several revisions while adapting the novel to film. Most of these changes were to eliminate scenes that would be uninteresting in a visual format, such as when Wade beats a high score in Pac-Man, or recites all the lines from the film WarGames.[32][33]

Elle Fanning, Olivia Cooke, and Lola Kirke were the frontrunners for the role of Art3mis;[34] with Cooke announced as having been cast in the role by September 2015.[13] In January 2016, Ben Mendelsohn joined the cast.[14] In February 2016, Tye Sheridan was confirmed to play Wade, after a lengthy casting search for the role.[12] Simon Pegg was added to the cast in March,[17] with Mark Rylance joining in April.[18] By June, T.J. Miller, Hannah John-Kamen, and Win Morisaki had also been cast in the film.[16][21][20] In July, Philip Zhao joined the cast,[19] with Lena Waithe, Ralph Ineson, Mckenna Grace, and Letitia Wright being revealed as appearing in the film over time prior to the film's release.[15][23][26][25]

In October 2019, Doctor Sleep director Mike Flanagan revealed that Jack Nicholson, who portrayed Jack Torrance in The Shining (which is featured as James Halliday's second challenge), was approached to appear in the film, but declined the offer due to his retirement.[35]

Filming

Production was slated to begin in July 2016,[36] but on July 1, 2016, screenwriter Zak Penn confirmed that the first week of filming had already been completed.[37] In August and September 2016, filming took place in Birmingham, England, standing in for Columbus, Ohio.[38] Birmingham filming included on Livery Street in the Jewellery Quarter area of the city, which was used for multiple scenes in the film. Ludgate Hill Car Park lot on Lionel Street, in which caravan homes were partially built, was also used, and a planned explosion there caused some local businesses and residents to call emergency services as no prior notice was given by the production team. Other locations in the city included the former industrial area of Digbeth, and some of the city's landmarks were erased and replaced with CGI buildings to create a dystopian future Ohio.[39][40] Outside of Birmingham, filming also took place at Warner Bros. Studios, Leavesden and at Solaris House, the former Sun Microsystems headquarters in Surrey.[41][38] Principal photography wrapped on September 27, 2016.[42][43]

Visual effects

Industrial Light & Magic (ILM), Digital Domain, and Territory Studio developed the visual effects, with some pre-visualization done by The Third Floor.[44][45] For three hours three days a week Spielberg met with ILM, which was in charge of the OASIS segments and produced the bulk of the visual effects shots, with 900 in total; Spielberg remarked that "this is the most difficult movie I've done since Saving Private Ryan", as three 3-hour long meetings a week were necessitated to discuss the visual effects.[43] Visual effects supervisor Roger Guyett stated that the visual effects team would collaborate with Spielberg and writers Cline and Penn:[46]

What we did at one point was to have a card for every single character that we considered to be a "hero" character within the movie, and we put them up on a board and Steven and everyone else spent hours assigning them to scenes. We'd say, "This is where we want whoever it would be … Batman, Chun-Li, or whoever." And then we went through the whole movie doing that. As the scenes developed, we got an understanding of how many characters we needed.
―Roger Guyett


Part of the film takes place in a virtual space based on the Overlook Hotel in the film The Shining. This was mostly a digital recreation using high-quality telecine of the original film, allowing new camera angles and shots that did not appear in the original. Some original footage from The Shining was also used, with ILM's modifications. Only a few scenes in this sequence involved real actors (such as the appearance of the Grady twins) and required reproduction of The Shining's physical sets. The Shining sequence was post-processed with film grain and other aging effects to make the new footage closely resemble the original.[47] During the production of Ready Player One, The VFX team built the sequence the Overlook Hotel in the digital realm. Stanley Kubrick's blueprints were used to recreate the hotel in the film.[48] ILM also had to produce digital versions of the film's many cultural references, including the DeLorean time machine (from the Back to the Future films); the Iron Giant; Chucky; and King Kong, modeled after the 1933 film version.[49] The Tyrannosaurus rex from Jurassic Park was created from the base model ILM had created.[49] Digital Domain facilitated pre-visualization (with The Third Floor), motion capture, and virtual sets, and also created 300 visual effects shots for the primarily live-action portions of the film. The virtual sets were powered by game engines and were used congruently with the motion-capture process, with previsualization supervisor Scott Meadows explaining that in real time Spielberg would "put on a headset and scout the sets and make adjustments."[44][45]

Music

Main article: Ready Player One (soundtrack)

On June 9, 2016, John Williams was initially going to form the film's score.[50] However, in July 2017, Williams left the project in favor of scoring Spielberg's The Post, and Alan Silvestri took over scoring duties for the film.[1] The official score was released by WaterTower Music as a two-CD set on March 30, 2018,[51] with vinyl and cassette releases projected.[52] At Spielberg's request, Silvestri references his own music from Back to the Future within the film's score, as well as quoting music written by other composers including Max Steiner's theme from King Kong, Akira Ifukube’s main theme from Godzilla, and the score by Wendy Carlos and Rachel Elkind from The Shining.[53][54]

Cultural references

Ready Player One pays homage to popular culture from various time periods, mainly the 1970s and 1980s but also extending to the 1990s, 2000s, and 2010s] reviewers have identified over a hundred references to films, television shows, music, toys, video games, anime, and comics from these eras.[55][56][57] Cline did not have any issues with these copyrighted elements when he published the book, but was aware that securing all necessary rights would be a major obstacle for a film adaptation. This task was eventually made easier thanks to Spielberg's reputation in the film industry.[32][58][59] In the end, Spielberg estimated that they managed to get about 80% of the copyrighted elements they desired.[32] The production was not able to secure Close Encounters of the Third Kind from Columbia Pictures.[60]

In the book, the Dungeons & Dragons module Tomb of Horrors covers a notable importance, but is not included in the film; it was excluded despite Cline being a fan of Tomb of Horrors, but artwork of the demon from the module is featured on the back of Aech's van.[61]

Similarly Blade Runner, which was integral to the plot of the book, was shelved as Blade Runner 2049 was in production at the same time as Ready Player One and the producers at Alcon Entertainment feared that Spielberg's film could damage the commercial prospects of their film; as a replacement, the creative team had the players play through the events of The Shining, which Spielberg was able to secure the rights to as an homage to his friend Stanley Kubrick.[32] Penn and Cline also thought that the film could be the opportunity to replace such lenghty sequence with a more action-heavy one. Once they settled to use The Shining, they were doubtful at first that Spielberg would accept the change, but Spielberg did go for it.[62] While Cline's original work heavily used the character of Ultraman, the rights over the character were still under legal dispute, requiring them to replace Ultraman with the titular robot from The Iron Giant and RX-78-2 Gundam.[63] Spielberg recognized that his past films were a significant part of the 1980s popular culture cited in the book, and to avoid being accused of "vanity", he opted to remove many of the references to his own work.[64] Cline stated that he believed Spielberg wanted to avoid self-references to films he directed, due to the criticism he received for his film 1941, which lampooned his own previous works Jaws and Duel. Cline said he had to convince Spielberg to include some iconic elements, such as the DeLorean time machine from Back to the Future, which Spielberg conceded as the film was one he produced rather than directed.[65] Spielberg also allowed the Tyrannosaurus rex from his own Jurassic Park to be included.[49] Cline also asked ILM to include a reference to Last Action Hero, one of Penn's first screenplays, without Penn's knowledge; a movie marquee in the Manhattan race segment bears the name "Jack Slater", the character Arnold Schwarzenegger played in that film.[66]

Release

Theatrical

Ready Player One was originally scheduled to be released on December 15, 2017.[67] However, on February 9, 2016, the film was delayed to March 30, 2018, to avoid competition with Star Wars: The Last Jedi.[68] In January 2018, it was announced the film's release date had been moved up one day to March 29, 2018.[69] The film had its world premiere at the Paramount Theatre in Austin, Texas on March 11, 2018 (as part of the South by Southwest Film Festival).[6] Warner Bros. distributed the film worldwide, with Village Roadshow Pictures distributing in several overseas territories.[70] Around the same time the film was released, massively multi-player online game platform Roblox held an event based on it. The winner of the event was the user r0cu.[71]

Home media

Ready Player One was released on digital copy on July 3, 2018, and on 4K UHD Blu-ray, Blu-ray 3D, Blu-ray, and DVD on July 24, 2018.[72] The film debuted at the top of the NPD VideoScan First Alert chart, a tracker of combined domestic Blu-Ray and DVD unit sales, for the week ending on July 27, 2018.[73] It retained the No. 1 spot on the chart for the week ending on August 4, 2018.[74]

Reception

Box office

Ready Player One grossed $137.7 million in the United States and Canada, and $445.2 million in other territories, for a worldwide total of $582.9 million.[9] Deadline Hollywood estimated that the film would need to gross at least $440 million in order to break even.[75]

In the United States and Canada, Ready Player One was projected to gross $40–50 million from 4,100 theaters over its first four days.[8] It made $12.1 million on its first day, including $3.75 million from Wednesday night previews. It ended up grossing $41.8 million in its opening weekend (for a four-day total of $53.7 million).[76] The film made $24.6 million in its second weekend, finishing second behind newcomer A Quiet Place, and $11.5 million in its third weekend, finishing in fourth.[77][78]

Critical response

On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 72% with an average score of 6.8/10, based on 437 reviews. The site's critical consensus reads, "Ready Player One is a sweetly nostalgic thrill ride that neatly encapsulates Spielberg's strengths while adding another solidly engrossing adventure to his filmography."[79] On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 64 out of 100 based on 56 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[80] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "A–" on an A+ to F scale, and those at PostTrak gave the film an 82% overall positive score and a 65% "definite recommend".[75]

In a review for RogerEbert.com, Brian Tallerico wrote that the film's "overwhelming" nature and non-stop action will likely thrill fans of pop culture; while he observed narrative weaknesses, such as a lack of depth among the supporting characters, he felt that they ultimately do not hinder the film from working "on the level of technical, blockbuster mastery that Spielberg helped define".[81] Writing for Variety, Owen Gleiberman called the film a "coruscating explosion of pop-culture eye candy" and found the sequence based on The Shining to be "irresistible". However, he criticized Spielberg's separation of fantasy and reality, and he said the film has "more activity than it does layers".[82] IndieWire's Eric Kohn characterized the film as "an astonishing sci-fi spectacle and a relentless nostalgia trip at once" and praised both the sequence based on The Shining and Penn's screenplay, particularly with respect to Mendelsohn's character. Nevertheless, he remarked that the film "drags a bunch in its final third".[83] Alissa Wilkinson, writing for Vox, praised both the quality and quantity of the world-building. She also commented on just how dystopian the future portrayed is, where the main characters fight to save the OASIS and the escape from reality it represents, with arguably less concern for the problems of the real world.[84] Film and television critic Matt Zoller Seitz praised Ready Player One and noted the undercurrent of sadness present in the film, stating that "I don't think Spielberg gets enough credit for making sad films that most people interpret as happy, and complex films that are immediately dismissed as simple or confused".[85][86][87] Seitz concluded that the film "is a mess, but it is a fascinating and complex one..."[88] In March 2019, a year after the film's release, Seitz determined that with Ready Player One's images commenting on capitalism and popular culture, the film was the second-most "interesting [and] substantive" big-budgeted fantasy in 2018 after Black Panther, admitting that "I still think about [Ready Player One] a lot, especially concerning the world around me."[89][90]

Monica Castillo was more critical of the film in her review for The Guardian and drew attention to the absence of character arcs, the lack of resolution for plot holes in the novel, and the bloating of scenes in the film by trivia.[91] Alonso Duralde, writing for TheWrap, found the usage of pop culture references lacking, and found his experience watching the film as "feeling bombarded with images, bored by the lack of an interesting story, and irritated with my own cultural past. I've never been much of a video-game player, but by the finale, I was ready to 'Leeroy Jenkins!' my way out of the theater".[92]

Accolades

Award Date of ceremony Category Recipient(s) Result Ref(s)
wikipedia:Teen Choice Awards August 12, 2018 Choice Sci-Fi Movie Ready Player One Nominated [93]
Choice Sci-Fi Movie Actor Tye Sheridan Nominated
Choice Sci-Fi Movie Actress Olivia Cooke Nominated
Choice Breakout Movie Star Nominated
Critics' Choice Movie Awards January 13, 2019 Best Visual Effects Ready Player One Nominated [94]
Visual Effects Society Awards February 5, 2019 Outstanding Visual Effects in a
Photoreal Feature
Roger Guyett, Jennifer Meislohn, Dave Shirk,
Matthew E. Butler, Neil Corbould
Nominated [95]
Outstanding Animated Character
in a Photoreal Feature
Dave Shirk, Brian Cantwell, Jung-Seung Hong and
Kim Ooi for "Art3mis"
Nominated
Outstanding Created Environment
in a Photoreal Feature
Mert Yamak, Stanley Wong, Joana Garrido and
Daniel Gagiu for "Overlook Hotel"
Won
Outstanding Virtual Cinematography
in a Photoreal Project
Daniele Bigi, Edmund Kolloen, Mathieu Vig and
Jean-Baptiste Noyau for "New York Race"
Won
Outstanding Model in a
Photoreal or Animated Project
Giuseppe Laterza, Kim Lindqvist, Mauro Giacomazzo
and William Gallyo for "DeLorean DMC-12"
Nominated
Satellite Awards February 17, 2019 Best Visual Effects Ready Player One Nominated [96]
BAFTA Awards February 10, 2019 Best Special Visual Effects Matthew E. Butler, Grady Cofer, Roger Guyett,
Dave Shirk
Nominated [97]
Academy Awards February 24, 2019 Best Visual Effects Roger Guyett, Grady Cofer, Matthew E. Butler and Dave Shirk Nominated [98]
Saturn Awards September 13, 2019 Best Science Fiction Film Ready Player One Won [99]
Best Director Steven Spielberg Nominated
Best Music Alan Silvestri Nominated
Best Special Effects Ready Player One Nominated

Future

Main article: Ready Player Two

When asked about a sequel to the film, Cline stated: "I think there's a good chance that, if this one does well, Warner Bros. will want to make a sequel. I don't know if Steven [Spielberg] would want to dive back in, because he would know what he is getting into. He's said that it's the third-hardest film he's made, out of dozens and dozens of movies".[100][101] Co-star Olivia Cooke, and presumably the rest of the cast, is "contracted to sequels".[102] Cline wrote a book sequel, titled Ready Player Two, which was released on November 24, 2020, stating in the acknowledgments that he had consulted Spielberg on the final draft of the book and where to take an adaptation.[103] On December 22, 2020, Cline announced that a sequel was in the early stages of development.[104]

Gallery

Trivia

  • The sixer vehicles have QR codes on their bonnets that, when scanned, lead to http://www.jointhequest.io; the Innovative Online Industries recruitment site.
  • Movie concept art of Ready Player One were by Eduardo Pena, Emmanuel Shiu, Valentin Petrov, Ulrich Zeidler and Gaëlle Seguillon
  • The WarGames Simulation featured in the Novel was actually seriously considered early on but got scrapped since it wouldn’t fit right.

Differences from the novel

Cameos and other references

Main article: List of cameos in Ready Player One

Notes

References

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  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 "Film Releases".. Variety Media.
  3. "2018 SXSW Film Festival Announces World Premiere of Steven Spielberg's Ready Player One", South by Southwest (March 10, 2018). 
  4. "Ready Player One (12A)".. British Board of Film Classification (March 19, 2018).
  5. "Ready Player One (2018)".. Retrieved on September 2, 2021.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Steven Spielberg on Why 'Ready Player One's' SXSW Debut Gave Him an 'Anxiety Attack'".. Penske Business Media (March 12, 2018).
  7. "Box-Office Preview: Steven Spielberg's 'Ready Player One' Eyes $45M-$50M Bow".. Prometheus Global Media (March 28, 2018).
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Steven Spielberg's 'Ready Player One' To Get Its Game On With $140M+ Global Start". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media (March 27, 2018).
  9. 9.0 9.1 Template:Cite BOM
  10. "Ready Player One Movie Review Roundup: Another Spielberg Classic?". (March 13, 2018).
  11. "Ready Player One Review Roundup: Pretty, Flawed". (March 14, 2018).
  12. 12.0 12.1 Chitwood, Adam (February 24, 2016). "Tye Sheridan Lands Lead in Steven Spielberg's 'Ready Player One'", Collider, Complex Media. 
  13. 13.0 13.1 "Steven Spielberg's 'Ready Player One' Finds Female Lead in Olivia Cooke (Exclusive)".. The Hollywood Reporter.
  14. 14.0 14.1 "Ben Mendelsohn Eyed for Villain Role in Steven Spielberg's 'Ready Player One' (Exclusive)", The Hollywood Reporter, Prometheus Global Media (January 6, 2016). 
  15. 15.0 15.1 Breznican, Anthony (July 14, 2017). "See an exclusive first look at Steven Spielberg's Ready Player One", Entertainment Weekly, Time. 
  16. 16.0 16.1 "'Silicon Valley' Star T.J. Miller Joins Steven Spielberg's 'Ready Player One' (Exclusive)", The Hollywood Reporter, Prometheus Global Media (June 1, 2016). 
  17. 17.0 17.1 "Simon Pegg in Talks to Join Steven Spielberg's 'Ready Player One' (Exclusive)", The Hollywood Reporter, Prometheus Global Media (March 17, 2016). 
  18. 18.0 18.1 McNary, Dave (April 13, 2016). "Mark Rylance Joins Steven Spielberg's 'Ready Player One'", Variety, Penske Business Media. 
  19. 19.0 19.1 "Steven Spielberg's 'Ready Player One' Casts Young Newcomer Philip Zhao", Deadline Hollywood, Penske Business Media (July 29, 2016). 
  20. 20.0 20.1 Variety Staff (June 5, 2016). "Japan's Win Morisaki Joins Steven Spielberg's 'Ready Player One'", Variety. 
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  25. 25.0 25.1 Carr, Mary Kate (February 16, 2018). "5 things to know about Black Panther breakout star Letitia Wright".. Time.
  26. 26.0 26.1 Bonomolo, Cameron (February 1, 2018). "New Look At 'X-Men' Star Tye Sheridan in 'Ready Player One'"..
  27. Mike Fleming Jr (June 18, 2010). "Warner Bros Wins 'Ready Player One' Book Auction For Farah & De Line To Produce", Penske Business Media. 
  28. "Warner Bros and De Line Pictures Win Book Auction For 'Ready Player One'", Deadline Hollywood, Penske Business Media (June 18, 2010). 
  29. "Eason to rewrite 'Player' script", Variety, Penske Business Media (January 13, 2012). 
  30. "'X-Men' Scribe Zak Penn to Rewrite 'Ready Player One' for Warner Bros. (Exclusive)", TheWrap (June 23, 2014). 
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  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 32.3 Rottenberg, Josh (April 1, 2018). "How the team behind 'Ready Player One' wrangled a bonanza of pop culture references into a single film"..
  33. "Steven Spielberg's 'Ready Player One' Finds Female Lead in Olivia Cooke (Exclusive)", The Hollywood Reporter, Prometheus Global Media (September 11, 2015). 
  34. "Steven Spielberg's 'Ready Player One' Shortlist Includes Elle Fanning, Olivia Cooke, Lola Kirke (Exclusive)", TheWrap (September 1, 2015). 
  35. White, Nicholas (October 30, 2019). "How 'Doctor Sleep' Filmmakers Pulled Off That 'Shining' Cameo", Variety. 
  36. "Hannah John-Kamen Lands Role In Steven Spielberg's 'Ready Player One'", Deadline Hollywood, Penske Business Media (June 24, 2016). 
  37. Penn, Zak [@zakpenn] (July 1, 2016). "First week of #ReadyPlayerOne finished. Surreal. It went to 11. Thanks for writing your book @erniecline and the assist in Oology"..
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  40. "Recap: Spielberg films Ready Player One in JQ - another set location revealed plus car chase filmed", Birmingham Mail, Midland Newspapers (September 6, 2016). 
  41. "Ready Player Two Movie is in "Early Stages," Ernest Cline Reveals".. Inverse.com.
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  46. "To drive its giant virtual world, Ready Player One needed a custom A.I. engine".. Digital Trends.
  47. Lussier, Germain (April 11, 2018). "Here's How Steven Spielberg and ILM Recreated That Movie for Ready Player One".. Univision Interactive Media.
  48. Giardina, Carolyn (February 11, 2019). "How 'Ready Player One' VFX Supervisor Re-Created Stanley Kubrick's 'The Shining'". The Hollywood Reporter.
  49. 49.0 49.1 49.2 Murphy, Mekado (April 27, 2018). "How They Made the Movie References Pop in 'Ready Player One'", The New York Times. 
  50. Burlingame, Jon (June 9, 2016). "AFI Honoree John Williams Looks Back on Six Decades of Iconic Themes", Variety, Penske Business Media. 
  51. "Ready Player One - Original Motion Picture Soundtrack".. WaterTower Music (March 30, 2018).
  52. Newman, Melinda (March 28, 2018). "How Steven Spielberg Picked 'Ready Player One's' Classic '70s and '80s Tunes: Exclusive Track Listing". Billboard.
  53. "'Ready Player One' Composer Alan Silvestri on Its Touching Final Moments", The Hollywood Reporter, Prometheus Global Media (April 2, 2018). 
  54. Broxton, Jonathan (April 3, 2018). "READY PLAYER ONE – Alan Silvestri: Review". MovieMusicUK.com.
  55. "Ready Player One: Complete Easter Egg and Reference Guide".. Dennis Publishing (April 1, 2018).
  56. Dyce, Andrew (March 29, 2018). "Ready Player One: The COMPLETE Easter Egg Guide"..
  57. Gallagher, Simon (March 29, 2018). "Ready Player One: 135 Easter Eggs & References Explained"..
  58. Barnes, Brooks (March 21, 2018). "Can Steven Spielberg Remember How to Have Fun?"..
  59. Hugh, William (March 19, 2018). "Well, nevermind, then: Of course there's going to be Star Wars shit in Ready Player One".. The Onion.
  60. Burke, Carolyn (March 15, 2018). "Ready Player One Won't Reference Disney's Star Wars Movies [Updated]"..
  61. Cotter, Padraig (May 29, 2020). "Ready Player One's Tomb Of Horrors Explained (& Why It's Not In The Movie)". Screen Rant.
  62. Couch, Aaron (March 29, 2018). "Ready Player One Screenwriter Zak Penn Looks Back at His Hits (and Famous Early Miss)", The Hollywood Reporter. 
  63. Lussier, Germain (March 15, 2018). "Steven Spielberg Tried to Get Star Wars Into Ready Player One, But Couldn't".. Univision Interactive Media.
  64. Couch, Aaron (July 22, 2017). "Steven Spielberg Brings Ambitious 'Ready Player One' Footage to Comic-Con".. Prometheus Global Media.
  65. Long, Christian (February 27, 2018). "Ernest Cline on 'Ready Player Two' and the Scene Spielberg Fought For".. Prometheus Global Media.
  66. Lussier, Germain (March 22, 2018). "Last Action Hero and Ready Player One Screenwriter Shocked to Find Last Action Hero Reference in Ready Player One".. Univision Interactive Media.
  67. "Steven Spielberg's 'Ready Player One' Slotted For December 2017", Deadline Hollywood, Penske Business Media (August 6, 2015). 
  68. Chitwood, Adam (February 9, 2016). "Steven Spielberg's 'Ready Player One' Flees 'Star Wars', Sets New 2018 Release Date". Collider. Complex Media.
  69. D'Alessandro, Anthony (January 25, 2018). "'Ready Player One' Opening A Day Earlier Over Easter Weekend". Deadline Hollywood.
  70. Warner Bros. Pictures (July 7, 2017). "Warner Bros. Pictures Gets Ready to Run the Gamut at Comic-Con International: San Diego".. Berkshire Hathaway.
  71. Bernstein, Bobby (April 4, 2018). "r0cu Earns Golden Dominus in Roblox Ready Player One Event". Heavy.
  72. Gallichio, Christian (May 22, 2018). "Ready Player One Blu-ray Release Details"..
  73. "'Ready Player One' Takes the High Score in Disc Sales", Mediaplaynews.com (August 2, 2018). 
  74. "'Ready Player One' Still No. 1 in the Disc Sales Game", Mediaplaynews.com (August 9, 2018). 
  75. 75.0 75.1 "How Warner Bros. Sold 'Ready Player One' On The Spielberg Spirit & Beat Tracking With $53M+ 4-Day – Sunday Postmortem". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media (April 1, 2018).
  76. Associated Press (April 2, 2018). "Box office Top 20: 'Ready Player One' launches with $53.7M". ABC News. American Broadcasting Company.
  77. D'Alessandro, Anthony (April 8, 2018). "'A Quiet Place' Screams To $50M+ Opening; 'Blockers' Breaks Through To $21M+ – Early Sunday Update". Deadline Hollywood.
  78. D'Alessandro, Anthony (April 15, 2018). "The Rock Rebounds: 'Rampage' Shushes 'A Quiet Place' With $34M+ No. 1 Opening". Deadline Hollywood.
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  81. Tallerico, Brian (March 12, 2018). "SXSW Film Festival 2018: "Ready Player One"".. Ebert Digital.
  82. Gleiberman, Owen (March 12, 2018). "SXSW Film Review: 'Ready Player One'".. Penske Business Media.
  83. Kohn, Eric (March 12, 2018). "'Ready Player One' Review: Steven Spielberg Delivers Astonishing Sci-Fi Spectacle and Relentless Nostalgia — SXSW 2018".. Penske Business Media.
  84. Wilkinson, Alissa (March 29, 2018). "Ready Player One is a fun romp that's even more dystopian than it realizes", Vox, Vox Media. 
  85. Seitz, Matt Zoller [@mattzollerseitz] (April 4, 2018). "Thinking back on READY PLAYER ONE: I don't think Spielberg gets enough credit for making sad films that most people interpret as happy, and complex films that are immediately dismissed as simple or confused."..
  86. Seitz, Matt Zoller [@mattzollerseitz] (April 4, 2018). "It's both. I don't think he's capable of really exploding the format he helped create, but after seeing it last night, I said to my wife, "I think this is altogether his saddest film since A.I.""..
  87. Matt Zoller Seitz [@mattzollerseitz] (May 28, 2018). "This movie felt very sad and dark to me in a way that very few of the reviews pointed out. I think Spielberg did another one of his rope a dope special: there's a whole other movie going on underneath the surface, just like the scene where the hero is driving under the street."..
  88. Seitz, Matt Zoller [@mattzollerseitz] (April 4, 2018). "In conclusion: READY PLAYER ONE is a mess, but it is a fascinating and complex one, and I suspect a lot of the people trashing it for being one particular thing will stumble on it again years from now and realize how much they overlooked. It's happened many times with Spielberg."..
  89. Matt Zoller Seitz [@mattzollerseitz] (March 19, 2019). "I am at a loss to explain how anyone could look at those images in Ready Player One of an entire society struggling in the ruins of capitalism and distracting itself with junk fantasy and not see Spielberg coming to terms with his role in bringing that existence to life."..
  90. Matt Zoller Seitz [@mattzollerseitz] (March 19, 2019). "In fact I would go so far as to say RPO was the second most interesting & substantive giant-budget fantasy released last year, after Black Panther. I still think about it a lot, especially concerning the world around me."..
  91. Castillo, Monica (March 12, 2018). "Ready Player One review – Spielberg's shiny VR caper isn't worth playing", The Guardian, Guardian News and Media. 
  92. "'Ready Player One' Film Review: Spielberg's Weaponized Nostalgia Is an Exercise in Overkill". TheWrap.
  93. "Teen Choice Awards 2018: See the full list of winners". EW.
  94. Hammond, Pete (December 10, 2018). "Critics' Choice Awards Nominations: 'The Favourite' Tops With 14, 'Black Panther' A Marvel, 'First Man' Rebounds; 'The Americans' Leads TV Series". (en) Deadline.
  95. "'Avengers,' 'Lost in Space,' 'Ready Player One' Lead Visual Effects Society Nominations"..
  96. "2018 Nominees".. International Press Academy (November 2018).
  97. "The full list of nominations for the Baftas 2019". (January 8, 2019).
  98. "Oscars: Full List of Nominations"..
  99. Hammond, Pete (July 15, 2019). "'Avengers: Endgame', 'Game Of Thrones' Lead Saturn Award Nominations". Deadline Hollywood.
  100. Radish, Christina (March 29, 2018). "Ernest Cline on 'Ready Player One', Working with Spielberg, and Hopes for a Sequel". (en-US) Collider.
  101. "There Could Actually Be A Ready Player Two". (en-US) ScreenRant (March 30, 2018).
  102. "Ready Player One Star Is Signed On For Sequels". (en-US) ScreenRant (August 23, 2018).
  103. "'Ready Player Two' Sequel Novel Set For November Publication Date". Deadline Hollywood (July 8, 2020).
  104. Houghton, Rianne (December 22, 2020). "Ready Player Two movie is in the works despite brutal reviews".. Digital Spy.

External links

Template:Ready Player One

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1910s
1916: Robinson Crusoe

1918: My Four Years in Germany · Kaiser's Finish
1919: Open Your Eyes · Beware! · Speed

1920s
1920: The Tiger Band · The Lost City · Parted Curtains

1921: Miracles of the Jungle · School Days · Why Girls Leave Home · Ashamed of Parents
1922: Your Best Friend · Rags to Riches · A Dangerous Adventure · The Beautiful and Damned · Heroes of the Street
1923: Brass · The Tie That Binds · Little Church Around the Corner · Main Street · Where the North Begins · Little Johnny Jones · The Printer's Devil · The Gold Diggers · The Country Kid · Lucretia Lombard · Tiger Rose
1924: Conductor 1492 · George Washington Jr. · Daddies · The Marriage Circle · Beau Brummel · How to Educate a Wife · Broadway After Dark · Babbitt · Being Respectable · Her Marriage Vow · Cornered · Lover's Lane · The Tenth Woman · Find Your Man · Three Women · This Woman · The Age of Innocence · The Lover of Camille · The Dark Swan · The Lighthouse by the Sea · A Lost Lady
1925: The Bridge of Sighs · The Narrow Street · On Thin Ice · A Broadway Butterfly · Recompense · My Wife and I · The Man Without a Conscience · Eve's Lover · Tracked in the Snow Country · How Baxter Butted In · Kiss Me Again · The Woman Hater · The Limited Mail · The Wife Who Wasn't Wanted · His Majesty, Bunker Bean · Below the Line · The Man on the Box · Compromise · Bobbed Hair · Red Hot Tires · Seven Sinners · Satan in Sables · Rose of the World · The Clash of the Wolves · Three Weeks in Paris · Hogan's Alley · Pleasure Buyers · Lady Windermere's Fan
1926: The Fighting Edge · His Jazz Bride · The Sea Beast · The Man Upstairs · The Golden Cocoon · The Caveman · The Love Toy · Bride of the Storm · The Night Cry · Why Girls Go Back Home · The Little Irish Girl · Oh! What a Nurse! · The Gilded Highway · Other Women's Husbands · The Sap · Hell-Bent for Heaven · Silken Shackles · The Social Highwayman · Footloose Widows · The Passionate Quest · A Hero of the Big Snows · So This Is Paris · Don Juan · Broken Hearts of Hollywood · The Honeymoon Express · Millionaires · Across the Pacific · My Official Wife · The Better 'Ole · Private Izzy Murphy · While London Sleeps · The Third Degree
1927: Finger Prints · Wolf's Clothing · The Fortune Hunter · Don't Tell the Wife · Hills of Kentucky · The Gay Old Bird · White Flannels · What Every Girl Should Know · Matinee Ladies · Bitter Apples · The Brute · Tracked by the Police · The Climbers · Irish Hearts · The Missing Link · A Million Bid · Simple Sis · The Black Diamond Express · Dearie · What Happened to Father? · The Heart of Maryland · The Bush Leaguer · When a Man Loves · The Desired Woman · Slightly Used · Old San Francisco · Jaws of Steel · One-Round Hogan · The First Auto · A Sailor's Sweetheart · The Jazz Singer · Sailor Izzy Murphy · The College Widow · A Reno Divorce · A Dog of the Regiment · Good Time Charley · The Silver Slave · The Girl from Chicago · Ginsberg the Great · Brass Knuckles · If I Were Single · Ham and Eggs at the Front · Husbands for Rent
1928: Beware of Married Men · A Race for Life · The Little Snob · Across the Atlantic · Powder My Back · Tenderloin · Domestic Troubles · The Crimson City · Rinty of the Desert · Glorious Betsy · Pay as You Enter · The Lion And The Mouse · Five and Ten Cent Annie · Lights of New York · Women They Talk About · Caught in the Fog · State Street Sadie · The Midnight Taxi · The Terror · Night Watch · Waterfront · The Singing Fool · Show Girl · Do Your Duty · Land of the Silver Fox · Lilac Time · Beware of Bachelors · Noah's Ark · The Home Towners · The Haunted House · Outcast · On Trial · Adoration · The Little Wildcat · The Barker · My Man · Conquest · The Ware Case
1929: Synthetic Sin · Cheyenne · Scarlet Seas · Fancy Baggage · Seven Footprints to Satan · Stark Mad · His Captive Woman · The Greyhound Limited · The Million Dollar Collar · Weary River · The Redeeming Sin · The Lawless Legion · The Royal Rider · Stolen Kisses · Why Be Good? · Children of the Ritz · Saturday's Children · One Stolen Night · Kid Gloves · Queen of the Night Clubs · Love and the Devil · Hardboiled Rose · The Divine Lady · No Defense · The Desert Song · Sonny Boy · Frozen River · From Headquarters · House of Horror · Glad Rag Doll · Hot Stuff · The Squall · Two Weeks Off · Prisoners · The Flying Scotsman · Careers · Madonna of Avenue A · The Girl in the Glass Cage · The Gamblers · Broadway Babies · The Man and the Moment · The Time, The Place And The Girl · On with the Show · Twin Beds · Drag · Smiling Irish Eyes · Hard to Get · The Hottentot · Dark Streets · The Argyle Case · Say It with Songs · Her Private Life · Gold Diggers of Broadway · Honky Tonk · In the Headlines · Fast Life · Skin Deep · Hearts in Exile · The Careless Age · The Great Divide · A Most Immoral Lady · The Isle of Lost Ships · So Long Letty · Is Everybody Happy? · Young Nowheres · The Girl from Woolworth's · Disraeli · Paris · Footlights and Fools · The Sap · The Forward Pass · Little Johnny Jones · The Sacred Flame · The Painted Angel · Evidence · The Love Racket · The Aviator · Tiger Rose · The Show of Shows · Wedding Rings

1930s
1931: The Maltese Falcon

1935: Captain Blood
1938: Angels with Dirty Faces · The Adventures of Robin Hood
1939: Dark Victory

1940s
1940:

1941: The Maltese Falcon
1942: The Man Who Came to Dinner · Yankee Doodle Dandy · Casablanca
1943:
1944: Arsenic and Old Lace · To Have and Have Not · Meet Me in St. Louis
1945:
1946: The Big Sleep
1947: Dark Passage
1948: The Treasure of the Sierra Madre · Key Largo
1949: White Heat · The Fountainhead

1950s
1951: A Streetcar Named Desire

1952:
1953:
1954:
1955: Rebel Without a Cause
1956:
1957:
1958:
1959:

1960s
1964: The Incredible Mr. Limpet · My Fair Lady
1970s
1971: The Priest's Wife

1974: Blazing Saddles
1977: The Late Show · Brothers · Viva Knievel! · Exorcist II: The Heretic · One on One · Greased Lightning · Outlaw Blues · Oh, God! · A Piece of the Action · Starship Invasions · The Pack · The Goodbye Girl · The Gauntlet
1978: Superman
1979: The Bugs Bunny/Road Runner Movie

1980s
1980: Just Tell Me What You Want · Simon · The Ninth Configuration · When Time Ran Out · Tom Horn · Gilda Live · Die Laughing · Heart Beat · Friday the 13th · The Shining · Up the Academy · Bronco Billy · No Nukes · Honeysuckle Rose · Caddyshack · The Fiendish Plot of Dr. Fu Manchu · The Big Brawl · AC/DC: Let There Be Rock · Divine Madness · The First Deadly Sin · One Trick Pony · Oh, God! Book II · Private Benjamin · The Awakening · Any Which Way You Can · First Family · Altered States

1981: The Man Who Saw Tomorrow · Sphinx · Back Roads · Eyes of a Stranger · This Is Elvis · Excalibur · The Hand · Outland · Superman II · Arthur · Wolfen · Under the Rainbow · Prince of the City · Body Heat · So Fine · Chariots of Fire · Looker · The Looney Looney Looney Bugs Bunny Movie · Rollover · Sharky's Machine
1982: Bugs Bunny's 3rd Movie: 1001 Rabbit Tales · Best Friends
1983: The Man with Two Brains · Stroker Ace · National Lampoon's Vacation · Cujo · Daffy Duck's Fantastic Island
1984: Gremlins · The NeverEnding Story
1985: The Goonies · National Lampoon's European Vacation
1986: The Clan of the Cave Bear · One Crazy Summer
1987: Lethal Weapon
1988: Daffy Duck's Quackbusters
1989: Lethal Weapon 2 · National Lampoon's Christmas Vacation · Tango & Cash

1990s
1990: Gremlins 2: The New Batch

1991: The NeverEnding Story II: The Next Chapter
1992: Lethal Weapon 3
1998: Lethal Weapon 4 · Jack Frost
1999: Pokémon - The First Movie

2000s
2000: Pokémon - The Movie 2000 · Pokémon 3: The Movie
2010s
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