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Friday the 13th is a 1980 American slasher film produced and directed by Sean S. Cunningham and written by Victor Miller. The film tells the story of a group of teenagers who are murdered one by one by an unknown killer while attempting to re-open an abandoned campground, and stars Betsy Palmer, Adrienne King, Harry Crosby, Laurie Bartram, Kevin Bacon, Jeannine Taylor, Mark Nelson and Robbi Morgan.
Prompted by the success of John Carpenter's Halloween, the film was made on an estimated budget of $550,000 and released by Paramount Pictures in the United States and by Warner Bros. in Europe. When originally released, the film received negative reviews from film critics, while managing to gross over $39.7 million at the box office in the United States. In the years that followed, retrospective reviews for the film have been more positive, and it has become a cult classic.
Aside from being the first movie of its kind to secure distribution in the US by a major studio (Paramount Pictures), the film's box office success led toa long series of sequels, a crossover with A Nightmare on Elm Street, and a 2009 series reboot.
- Grove 2005, pp. 11–12.
- Nowell, Richard (2011). ""The Ambitions of Most Independent Filmmakers": Indie Production, the Majors, and Friday the 13th (1980)". Journal of Film and Video. 63 (2): 28–44. doi:10.5406/jfilmvideo.63.2.0028.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Grove 2005, p. 60.
- McCarty, John (July 1984). Splatter Movies: Breaking the Last Taboo of the Screen. St. Martin's Press, page 2. ISBN 0-312-75257-1.
- Bracke, Peter (October 11, 2006). Crystal Lake Memories. United Kingdom: Titan Books. ISBN 1-84576-343-2.
- Grove, David (February 2005). Making Friday the 13th: The Legend of Camp Blood. United Kingdom: FAB Press. ISBN 1-903254-31-0.
- Hawke, Simon (1987). Friday the 13th. New York: Signet. ISBN 0-451-15089-9.
- Rockoff, Adam (2002). Going to Pieces: The Rise and Fall of the Slasher Film. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland and Company. ISBN 0-7864-1227-5.
- Shary, Timothy (2012). Teen Movies: American Youth on Screen. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-50160-6.
- Thompson, Graham (2007). American Culture in the 1980s. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. ISBN 978-0-748-62895-7.
- Williams, Tony (2015). Hearths of Darkness: The Family in the American Horror Film, Revised, Jackson: University Press of Mississippi. ISBN 978-1-628-46107-7.
- Friday the 13th (1980 film) at AllMovie
- Friday the 13th (1980 film) at Box Office Mojo
- Film page at Friday The 13th: The Franchise
- Film page at the Camp Crystal Lake web site
- Film page at Fridaythe13thfilms.com