Ebenezer Scrooge (/ˌɛbɪˈniːzər ˈskruːdʒ/) is a fictional character of Charles Dickens's 1843 novella, A Christmas Carol. At the beginning of the novella, Scrooge is a cold-hearted miser who despises Christmas. Dickens describes him thus: "The cold within him froze his old features, nipped his pointed nose, shrivelled his cheek, stiffened his gait; made his eyes red, his thin lips blue; and spoke out shrewdly in his grating voice."

His last name has come into the English language as a byword for miserliness and misanthropy. The tale of his redemption by the three Ghosts of Christmas (Ghost of Christmas Past, Ghost of Christmas Present, and Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come) has become a defining tale of the Christmas holiday in the English-speaking world. Ebenezer Scrooge is arguably both one of the most famous characters created by Dickens and one of the most famous in English literature.

Scrooge's catchphrase, "Bah! Humbug!" is often used to express disgust with many of the modern Christmas traditions.

In popular culture

Film & Television productions

A Christmas Carol (1938)

The Stingiest Man in Town (1978)

The Polar Express (2004)

Characters based on Ebenezer Scrooge

Yosemite Sam

Bugs Bunny's Looney Christmas Tales: Bugs Bunny's Christmas Carol (1979)

Fred Flintstone

A Flintstones Christmas Carol (1994)

Daffy Duck

Bah, Humduck! A Looney Tunes Christmas

Mojo Jojo

The Powerpuff Girls: You're a Good Man, Mojo Jojo


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