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A Few Good Men is a 1992 American legal drama film directed by Rob Reiner and starring Tom Cruise, Jack Nicholson, and Demi Moore, with Kevin Bacon, Kevin Pollak, Wolfgang Bodison, James Marshall, J. T. Walsh and Kiefer Sutherland in supporting roles. It was adapted for the screen by Aaron Sorkin from his play of the same name but includes contributions by William Goldman. The film revolves around the court-martial of two U.S. Marines charged with the murder of a fellow Marine and the tribulations of their lawyers as they prepare a case to defend their clients.
U.S. Marines Lance Corporal Harold Dawson and Private Louden Downey are facing a general court-martial, accused of killing fellow Marine Private William Santiago at the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base in Cuba. Santiago had poor relations with his fellow Marines, compared unfavorably to them, and broke the chain of command in an attempt to get transferred out of Guantanamo. Base Commander Colonel Nathan Jessup and his officers argue about the best course of action: while Jessup's executive officer, Lieutenant Colonel Matthew Markinson, advocates that Santiago be transferred, Jessup dismisses the option and orders Santiago's commanding officer, Lieutenant Jonathan James Kendrick, to 'train' Santiago to become a better Marine.
Naval investigator and lawyer Lieutenant commander JoAnne Galloway suspects Dawson and Downey carried out a "code red": a violent extrajudicial punishment. Galloway wants to defend them, but the case is given to Lieutenant (junior grade) Daniel Kaffee, an inexperienced and unenthusiastic lawyer with a penchant for plea bargains. Initially, friction exists between Galloway, who resents Kaffee's apparent laziness, and Kaffee, who resents Galloway's interference. Kaffee negotiates a plea bargain with the prosecutor, Captain Jack Ross (USMC); insisting Kendrick gave the "code red" order minutes after he had publicly ordered the platoon not to touch Santiago, and never intending their victim to die, Dawson and Downey refuse the deal. Dawson shows outright contempt for Kaffee's 'cowardice', even refusing to salute. Kaffee meets with Jessup, who tells Kaffee that Santiago was set to be transferred.
Galloway convinces Kaffee to take the case to court; the defense establishes the existence of "code red" orders at Guantanamo, and that Dawson specifically had learned not to disobey any order after a promotion was denied for helping out a Marine who was under what could be seen as a "code red". However, they suffer two major setbacks: Downey, under cross-examination, reveals he was not actually present when Dawson received the supposed "code red" order, and Markinson, ashamed that he failed to protect a Marine under his command, tells Kaffee that Jessup never ordered the transfer, but commits suicide rather than testify.
Without Markinson's testimony, Kaffee believes the case lost, lamenting that he fought the case instead of taking a deal. Galloway convinces Kaffee to call Jessup as a witness, despite the risk of a court-martial for smearing a high-ranking officer. Jessup spars evenly with Kaffee's questioning, but is unnerved when Kaffee points out a contradiction in his testimony: Jessup stated Marines never disobey orders and that Santiago was to be transferred off-base for his own safety, but, having ordered his men to leave Santiago alone, then Santiago was in no danger. Irate at being caught in a lie and disgusted by what he sees as Kaffee's impudence towards the Marines, Jessup extols the military's importance, and his own, to national security. When asked point-blank if he ordered the "code red", he bellows with contempt that he did; Jessup tries to justify the order as he is arrested, and Kendrick is later arrested for his part.
Dawson and Downey are cleared of the murder charge, but found guilty of "conduct unbecoming a United States Marine" and are dishonorably discharged. Dawson accepts the verdict, but Downey does not understand what they did wrong. Dawson explains they had failed to stand up for those too weak to fight for themselves, like Santiago. As the two are leaving, Kaffee tells Dawson honor doesn't come from a patch on his arm. Dawson stands at attention, recognizing him as an officer and rendering a salute.
- Tom Cruise as Lieutenant (junior grade) Daniel Kaffee, USN, JAG Corps
- Jack Nicholson as Colonel Nathan R. Jessup, USMC
- Demi Moore as Lieutenant Commander JoAnne Galloway, USN, JAG Corps
- Kevin Bacon as Captain Jack Ross, USMC, Judge Advocate Division
- Kiefer Sutherland as Lieutenant Jonathan James Kendrick, USMC
- Kevin Pollak as Lieutenant (junior grade) Sam Weinberg, USN, JAG Corps
- Wolfgang Bodison as Lance Corporal Harold Dawson, USMC
- James Marshall as Private First Class Louden Downey, USMC
- J. T. Walsh as Lieutenant Colonel Matthew Andrew Markinson, USMC
- J. A. Preston as Judge (Colonel) Julius Alexander Randolph, USMC
- Michael DeLorenzo as Private William T. Santiago, USMC
- Noah Wyle as Corporal Jeffrey Owen Barnes, USMC
- Cuba Gooding Jr. as Corporal Carl Edward Hammaker, USMC
- Xander Berkeley as Captain Whitaker, USN
- Matt Craven as Lieutenant Dave Spradling, USN, JAG Corps
- John M. Jackson as Captain West, USN, JAG Corps
- Christopher Guest as Commander (Dr.) Stone, USN, MC
- Joshua Malina as Jessup's clerk, Tom, USMC
- Harry Caesar as Luther
- Joshua Malina is the only actor to reprise his role from the original Broadway production.
- Aaron Sorkin makes a cameo appearance as a lawyer bragging in a tavern
Screenwriter Aaron Sorkin got the inspiration to write the source play, a courtroom drama called A Few Good Men, from a phone conversation with his sister Deborah, who had graduated from Boston University Law School and signed up for a three-year stint with the U.S. Navy Judge Advocate General's Corps. She was going to Guantanamo Bay to defend a group of Marines who came close to killing a fellow Marine in a hazing ordered by a superior officer. Sorkin took that information and wrote much of his story on cocktail napkins while bartending at the Palace Theatre on Broadway. His roommates and he had purchased a Macintosh 512K, so when he returned home, he would empty his pockets of the cocktail napkins and type them into the computer, forming a basis from which he wrote many drafts for A Few Good Men.
In 1988, Sorkin sold the film rights for his play to producer David Brown before it premiered, in a deal reportedly "well into six figures". Brown had read an article in The New York Times about Sorkin's one-act play Hidden in This Picture, and he found out Sorkin also had a play called A Few Good Men that was having off-Broadway readings.
William Goldman did an uncredited rewrite of the script that Sorkin liked so much, he incorporated the changes made into the stage version.
Brown was producing a few projects at TriStar Pictures, and he tried to interest them in making A Few Good Men into a film, but his proposal was declined due to the lack of star-actor involvement. Brown later got a call from Alan Horn at Castle Rock Entertainment, who was anxious to make the film. Rob Reiner, a producing partner at Castle Rock, opted to direct it.
The film had a production budget of $33,000,000.
Nicholson would later comment of the $5 million he received for his role, "It was one of the few times when it was money well spent."
The film starts with a performance of "Semper Fidelis" by a U.S. Marine Corps marching band, and a Silent Drill performed by the Texas A&M University Corps of Cadets Fish Drill Team (portraying the United States Marine Corps Silent Drill Platoon).
Several former Navy JAG lawyers have been identified as the basis for Tom Cruise's character Lt. Kaffee. These include Don Marcari, now an attorney in Virginia; former U.S. Attorney David Iglesias; Chris Johnson, now practicing in California; and Walter Bansley III, now practicing in Connecticut. However, in a September 15, 2011, article in The New York Times, Sorkin was quoted as saying, “The character of Dan Kaffee in A Few Good Men is entirely fictional and was not inspired by any particular individual.”
Wolfgang Bodison was a film location scout when he was asked to take part in a screen test for the part of Dawson.
The film premiered at the Odeon Cinema, Manchester, England and opened on December 11, 1992, in 1,925 theaters. It grossed $15,517,468 in its opening weekend and was the number-one film at the box office for the next three weeks. Overall, it grossed $141,340,178 in the U.S. and $101,900,000 internationally for a total of $243,240,178.
On Rotten Tomatoes the film has an approval rating of 81% based on 58 reviews, with an average rating of 7/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "An old-fashioned courtroom drama with a contemporary edge, A Few Good Men succeeds on the strength of its stars, with Tom Cruise, Demi Moore, and especially Jack Nicholson delivering powerful performances that more than compensate for the predictable plot." On Metacritic the film has a score of 62 out of 100, based on 21 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews." Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "A+" on an A+ to F scale, one of fewer than 60 films in the history of the service to earn the score.
Peter Travers of Rolling Stone magazine said, "That the performances are uniformly outstanding is a tribute to Rob Reiner (Misery), who directs with masterly assurance, fusing suspense and character to create a movie that literally vibrates with energy." Richard Schickel in Time magazine called it "an extraordinarily well-made movie, which wastes no words or images in telling a conventional but compelling story." Todd McCarthy in Variety magazine predicted, "The same histrionic fireworks that gripped theater audiences will prove even more compelling to filmgoers due to the star power and dramatic screw-tightening." Roger Ebert was less enthusiastic in the Chicago Sun-Times, giving it two-and-a-half out of four stars and finding its major flaw was revealing the courtroom strategy to the audience before the climactic scene between Cruise and Nicholson. Ebert wrote, "In many ways this is a good film, with the potential to be even better than that. The flaws are mostly at the screenplay level; the film doesn't make us work, doesn't allow us to figure out things for ourselves, is afraid we'll miss things if they're not spelled out."
Widescreenings noted that for Tom Cruise's character Daniel Kaffee, "Sorkin interestingly takes the opposite approach of Top Gun, where Cruise also starred as the protagonist. In Top Gun, Cruise plays Mitchell who is a "hotshot military underachiever who makes mistakes because he is trying to outperform his late father. Where Maverick Mitchell needs to rein in the discipline, Daniel Kaffee needs to let it go, finally see what he can do". Sorkin and Reiner are praised in gradually unveiling Kaffee's potential in the film.
Awards and honors
Academy Awards nominations
The film was nominated for four Academy Awards:
- Best Picture
- Best Supporting Actor (Jack Nicholson)
- Best Film Editing (Robert Leighton)
- Best Sound Mixing (Kevin O'Connell, Rick Kline and Robert Eber)
Golden Globe nominations
The film was nominated for five Golden Globe Awards:
- Best Motion Picture – Drama
- Best Director (Rob Reiner)
- Best Actor (Tom Cruise)
- Best Supporting Actor (Jack Nicholson)
- Best Screenplay (Aaron Sorkin)
The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:
- 2003: AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes & Villains:
- Colonel Nathan R. Jessup – Nominated Villain
- 2005: AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes:
- Col. Nathan Jessup: "You can't handle the truth!" – #29
- 2008: AFI's 10 Top 10:
- 5 Courtroom Drama Film
- London Shows – A Few Good Men. E&OE. Retrieved on June 22, 2011.
- Aaron Sorkin interview. Retrieved on June 22, 2011.
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- Nading, Tanya (February 11, 2001). Corps Fish Drill Team reinstated — Front Page. Retrieved on July 18, 2009.
- Glauber, Bill (April 10, 1994). "Ex-Marine who felt 'A Few Good Men' maligned him is mysteriously murdered". Retrieved on September 21, 2010.
- Gisick, Michael (May 10, 2007). "Fired U.S. Attorney David Iglesias embraces the media in his quest for vindication". Retrieved on September 21, 2010. Archived from the original on November 5, 2010.
- Johnson, Christopher D.. "Christopher D. Johnson, Esquire".. Retrieved on September 21, 2010.
- Beach, Randall (March 18, 2009). "Allegation delays homicide trial". Retrieved on October 28, 2010.
- "Lawyer Didn’t Act Like a "Few Good Men," Cops Say" (August 26, 2010). Retrieved on October 28, 2010.
- Noted in the A Few Good Men DVD commentary
- "Historic Odeon faces final curtain", Manchester Evening News (February 15, 2007). Retrieved on October 23, 2014.
- "A Few Good Men – box office data".. Nash Information Services, LLC.. Retrieved on June 22, 2011.
- "A Few Good Men (1992)".. Flixster Inc.. Retrieved on June 22, 2011.
- "A Few Good Men reviews".. Retrieved on July 25, 2009.
- "Rotten Tomatoes – A Few Good Men review".. Flixster Inc.. Retrieved on June 22, 2011.
- Schickel, Richard (December 14, 1992). "Close-Order Moral Drill", Time Monday, Dec. 14, 1992, Time, Inc.. Retrieved on June 22, 2011.
- McCarthy, Todd (November 12, 1992). "A Few Good Men – Review", RBI, a division of Reed Elsevier Inc.. Retrieved on June 22, 2011.
- Ebert, Roger (December 11, 1992). "A Few Good Men". Retrieved on April 7, 2016.
- "A Few Good Men DVD Release Date". (en-US) DVDs Release Dates.
- "The 65th Academy Awards (1993) Nominees and Winners".. Retrieved on October 22, 2011.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes & Villains Nominees". (PDF). Retrieved on August 13, 2016.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes".. American Film Institute. Retrieved on August 13, 2016.
- "AFI's 10 Top 10: Top 10 Courtroom Drama".. American Film Institute. Retrieved on August 13, 2016.
- A Few Good Men at the TCM Movie Database
- A Few Good Men at Metacritic
- A Few Good Men at AllMovie
- A Few Good Men at TV.com
- A Few Good Men on AnyClip
- A Few Good Men (1992) movie script on sfy.ru